Ten luxurious national parks in the world
Ten luxurious national parks in the world
Over the course of many hundreds of years, man ruthlessly interfered in the natural process of the development of wildlife, which caused the complete or partial extinction of many varieties of both flora and fauna. Fortunately, people were able to understand that natural property needs protection. This led to the creation of parks and reserves, designed to ensure the freedom of their inhabitants from the influence of civilization.
It traditionally opens any park rating, as it is the first national reserve in history, opened in the 19th century on the border of three American states. A large part of its area is covered by frozen lava, as its territory contains the largest volcano on the continent, in the crater of which Lake Yellowstone is located.
The park is one of the five world geyser fields, but it is in it that their main part is concentrated, including the largest geyser called “Steamboat”. Jets of its hot water are pulled to a height exceeding forty meters. In addition, here is half the world's geothermal sources.
Here you can meet more than two thousand different representatives of the flora and hundreds of rare species of animals, including the puma and the grizzly bear. It is not surprising that this international reserve is under the protection of UNESCO.
The park is perfectly adapted for visiting tourists. To their services - hundreds of kilometers of marked hiking trails, several roads for motor transport, campgrounds, museums, hotels and shops.
This park, also a UNESCO heritage site, is located in Australia. It is considered the most popular place of the continent. Connoisseurs of archaeological antiquities will be able to admire amazing cave paintings and samples of ancient writings. Insect lovers will not remain indifferent to the contemplation of more than a thousand of their varieties. Fans of animals, birds and reptiles will not remain in the loser either, because Kakadu is rich in a huge number of rare fauna representatives.
Due to the fact that the reserve is surrounded by high rocky mountains, natural environmental conditions are preserved here. The huge area: more than 2 000 m in length and 1 000 m in width allows all inhabitants of the park to feel as comfortable as possible.
The name of this national park comes from the name of one of its inhabitants - a giant Galapagos tortoise. Another celebrity is a unique species of tropical Galapagos penguin.
Since 1990, the park has become the official whale and shark reserve. It is here that one can observe these marine inhabitants in their natural habitat. The islands are home to eight hundred species of various mollusks, more than 140 of which are unique and are not found anywhere else. This also applies to seventeen percent of all available species of Galapagos fish, as well as thirteen species of finches found only in the archipelago.
Visitors to the reserve will also be able to see the only non-flight cormorant on the planet.
This natural park, the main part of which is occupied by savanna, is located on the coast of Africa in Tanzania.
The main attraction of the Serengeti is its extraordinary and richest animal world. Here lives the world's largest lion population, as well as more than 500 species of birds and about 3 000 000 individuals of large fauna. Antelopes, elephants, cheetahs, rhinos, zebras, giraffes - this is not a complete list of animals, whose lives can be observed at arm's length.
Due to the vast territory, animals have the possibility of natural annual migration, fleeing from drought.
Located in Croatia, the reserve is among the most beautiful national European parks. It owes its name to sixteen lakes located on its territory. All of them are included in the UNESCO World Heritage, so swimming in them is prohibited. But anyone can admire the extraordinary underwater world from special wood flooring. The surprisingly clear water of bright blue color makes the landscape unreal and look like a picture that came out from under the brush of the great master.
Color add more than a hundred waterfalls, the number of which is growing annually, and twenty gloomy caves.
The reserve involves walking, it is forbidden to move around in transport.
This park is located in Indonesia and is famous for its inhabitants, protected by the Red Book - Komodo lizards. Tourists have a unique opportunity to visit the habitats of these prehistoric lizards.
In addition, Komodo is rich in rare species of fish, as well as unusual coral reefs. It is not surprising that divers from all over the world strive to admire the beauty of this place.
The territory of the reserve, included in the UNESCO heritage, includes a water plateau and three large islands surrounded by many small islands.
It is located in the south-eastern region of Venezuela, bordering Brazil and Guyana. Its territory is huge - more than 30,000 km2 and comparable to the area of a country like Belgium.
The peculiarity of the reserve is its complete isolation from civilization due to high mountains. Only a few hiking trails connect it with the outside world. To get to the park by car will not work. We'll have to use a boat, plane or your feet. But on the territory you will be greeted by furnished and comfortable hotels, offering luxurious relaxation after long excursions.
In Canaima is Angel Falls, which has the highest altitude in the world. Another interesting feature is the pemones living right on the territory of the reserve. All this allowed UNESCO to include Canaima in the number of world heritage sites.
This largest New Zealand park is considered the most difficult part of the South Island. Here are mountains, more than 2.7 km in height, the deepest lakes, rivers with a rapid flow and majestic waterfalls. And the bay of the park called Milford Sound, stretching for 16 km, according to the writer Kipling, is the eighth wonder of the world.
Fiordland is rich in rare species of fauna and flora. Here you can meet a bottle-nosed dolphin and a cockatoo parrot sitting right on the branch.
Discussing the beautiful reserves, one can not but mention the oldest national park in Canada, founded in the 19th century after the creation of Yellowstone. He was obliged by his appearance to lay a railway, during which workers accidentally stumbled upon thermal springs.
In the center of the park at an altitude of over 1.4 km is located the city of Banff, which is the highest settlement of Canada. Every year thousands of tourists come here to admire the landscapes, glaciers, majestic mountains and coniferous forests.
This world-famous park is spread on the Colorado Plateau in the US state of Arizona. According to scientists, his appearance is due to the Colorado River, which began to make its way into the rock millions of years ago.
As a result, huge abysses were formed, with a depth of more than one and a half kilometers, considered to be a geological history of the world in a section. Many rocks of the most inconceivable color and fossil deposits do not cease to attract crowds of tourists. The bravest descend to the bottom of the Grand Canyon, which requires several hours. Most admire the beauty of the numerous viewing platforms. Virtually every visitor tries to raft down the Colorado River on a raft or inflatable boat.
Of course, to list all the extraordinary parks of our planet is simply impossible. But even a visit to several of them will allow you to feel the full power of wildlife and understand how this beauty needs our protection.
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1. Yosemite National Park
Yosemite National Park (Yosemite) - a nature reserve with an area of 3,081 km², located on the western mountain range of the Sierra Nevada in California, USA. The wide and abundant composition of natural attractions, as well as a large number of tourist paths and routes allow it to be the second most visited park in the country.
Mighty granite rocks, vast valleys and meadows are combined with fast rivers and blue lakes. Gorgeous waterfalls, dense groves and forests are an ideal find for lovers of natural beauty. More than 250 species of vertebrate animals inhabit the park, the most famous of which are: the baribal bear, gray fox, black-tailed deer, and red-haired lynx. Coniferous trees predominate in large numbers among the vegetation: fir, sequoia, various pine families.
The most emotional and fabulous view of Yosemite Park attracts tourists on winter days, when the frozen rivers and waterfalls, along with snowy mountain ranges and forests, give an unforgettable feeling of delight and calm.
3. Banff Park
The very first and oldest national park in Canada is a nature reserve. Banffhaving an area of 6,641 km² and founded in 1885 in the province of Alberta.
The park is located on the slopes of the Rocky Mountains, which with their mighty snowy peaks inspire travelers and tourists from all over the world. Stone cliffs, clean mountain air, waterfalls, dense coniferous forests with crystal-clear lakes Louise, Pate, Bow and Moiraine truly beckon with their beauty and grandeur. In some places there are several hot springs with mineral water used by visitors for preventive and therapeutic procedures.
For wild animals such as bears, wolverines, goats and chipmunks, forest and mountainous areas have become a permanent habitat. The flora is represented mainly by evergreen trees and shrubs.
The city of Banff itself annually receives a huge number of lovers of outdoor activities and extreme sports. The Rocky Mountains are literally dotted with trails, slopes and roads for snowboarders, skiers, quad lovers, sledges and snowmobiles.
4. Los Glaciares Park
In Argentina beautiful Los Glaciares National Park known for its eternal glacial blocks and massifs, which occupy almost a third of the entire territory. The park exists since 1937, it was founded in the province of Santa Cruz and is located along the border with Chile and the southern part of the mountain range on the part of Argentina.
The picturesque and harsh ice region covers an area of 4459 km² with complex relief rocks up to 3.5 km. The name of the park comes from the huge ice cap, which is represented by 47 glaciers sliding from the mountains of the Andes to the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. Glacial margins usually end in small and large lakes.
The vegetation of Los Glaciares is represented by a variety of grasses, shrubs and trees that have the ability to tolerate fairly low temperatures. The largest population of animals is represented by herbivorous species: llama, Andean deer, guanaco, and chinchilla. The main predator here is considered to be the mountain cougar.
Tourists all year round can visit the main sites of the park, such as Mount Fitz-swarm, Lago Argentino and Viedma lakes, as well as the large Patagonian ice sheet.
5. Goreme Park
In the top ten most beautiful nature reserves in the world entered Goreme - a historic and unique place in the Turkish province of Cappadocia, which covers an area of 300 km² and is famous for its original landscapes with pointed rock formations resembling stone cones. The valleys of Göreme, formed as a result of volcanic eruptions and the effects of natural elements, have amazing and bizarre relief forms. The most famous valleys of Love, Red, Pink and Blue deserve special attention as well as the local shrines of the park. Randomly scattered small rocks and peaks are made of tuff - a material of volcanic rock, which is easily processed.
The combination of churches and monasteries is an open-air museum with a long history and culture. All religious institutions are accessible to visitors and are comfortable havens for all Christians.
Over the years, the inhabitants of other countries who fled from state oppression built many caves with winding passages in the high tuff hills, which later turned into a real city. Small villages and cave structures with their ancient past attract tourists from all over the world.
6. Namib Naukluft Park
Namib Naukluft National Park - The fourth largest nature reserve in the world, located in the heart of the African Namib Desert. The territory of the park is about 50,000 km², located between the central high plateau and the vast plain.
Landscape design is represented by the Naukluft granite rocks with sparse vegetation, gypsum and quartz plains, as well as sand dunes and shallow canyons.
Due to the hot climate and lack of rain, which can last several decades, the flora has a small population. However, some species are endemics, such as the velvichia tree, fully adapted to the arid area. Among animals, the most popular are large mammals: elephants, lions, rhinos, and ungulates. Reptiles, birds and insects also predominate in large numbers.
The main attractions of the park are the clay plateau of Sossusfle, the Sesrim Canyon, the Velvichia Plains Plains and the Dead Valley with skeletons of dried-up trees. The desert region of Namib-Naukluft does not attract tourists much, as difficult and long routes are combined with lifeless places and unfavorable conditions.
7. Swiss National Park
The most beautiful nature reserves Swiss National Park. It was founded on August 1, 1914 in the canton of Graubünden and is a protected property with strict visitor rules for tourists. It covers an area of 172.4 km², which is located at an altitude of 1,400 to 3,175 meters above sea level. The only reserve in Switzerland and the first park in Central Europe is located in the foothills of the Alps and the Engadin valley.
Wide alpine meadows, snowy peaks, clear lakes and pine forests lure nature lovers from all countries with their magnificence. The reserve has 21 pedestrian paths of approximately 80 km each. Tourist routes provide an opportunity to see the many species of various animals and the rich flora. Among mammals there are brown bears, ibex, lynx, marten, marmots. The fauna is represented by deciduous and evergreen forests, wild flowers and herbs, which have favorable conditions for living in the Alpine terrain.
A visit to the park at any time of the year is excellent in its own way, and walks in the fresh mountain air give an unforgettable portion of positive for any visitor.
8. Park Torres del Paine
Known for its spectacular landscapes, forests, peaked rocky peaks and a scattering of water arteries beautiful national park torres del paine deserves the attention of every traveler who came to southern Patagonia. Located on the Torres del Paine and Quernos del Paine mountain ranges, the park covers 2420 km² in the south of Chile and is a biosphere reserve.
Granite snow-covered rocks, as part of the sprawling Andes Range, are dotted with glaciers, waterfalls, fast rivers and lakes with iridescent color shades from bright sunlight. The most unique objects of the park are the Glacier Gray Glacier, the Mountain Horns, the French Valley and the Tower Mountains.
Amazing landscapes with stone deserts, grassy tundra and plains, as well as an extensive composition of flora and fauna give a combination of perfect beauty and harmony.
Among wild animals in the reserve, the most common are pumas, skunks, foxes, guanacos and the Chilean deer, which is depicted on the country's coat of arms. The park is inhabited by many birds, including predators: hawks, condors, siblings.
The vegetation here as a decoration of any locality is represented by numerous mosses, shrubs, evergreen trees and colorful flowers and herbs.
For tourists created excellent conditions for a wonderful pastime in the reserve. Convenient routes and small wooden houses for rest provide comfort and coziness during long movements in the park.
9. Park Jasper
Picturesque Jasper National Park, founded in 1907, is located in the Canadian province of Alberta. Occupying a total area of more than 10,878 km², the park combines mountain landscapes of the Main and Front Ranges, as well as the foothills of the Rocky Mountains.
The main natural resources of the park are snow-covered mountains, river valleys, glaciers, noisy waterfalls, clear lakes and meadows. The glacier and waterfall under the common name Athabasca together complement the colorful picture among the main attractions of the park.
Благоприятные климатические условия в заповеднике Джаспер создали постоянную среду обитания для многочисленного состава животного и растительного мира. Extensive forests have varieties of evergreen trees, such as larch, yellow and Weymouth pines, Engelmanova and Douglas fir, juniper, which are quite common for these places.
Among animals, grizzly bears, wolves, moose, beavers, wolverines, deer, and Canadian lynx have the largest population.
Canada’s largest natural site welcomes its visitors with the opportunity to organize various activities - fishing, sports games, extreme sports, hiking and horseback riding, cycling and canoeing, rafting, as well as many other leisure options depending on the choice of visiting guests.
10. Zhangjiajie Park
Zhangjiajie - one of the most beautiful national parks in China. It is located in the picturesque territory of Wulingyuan and is the first national forest reserve in China, founded in 1982. The park has become world famous for its landscapes with lush subtropical forests, transparent mountain streams, caves and more than 3,000 rocks of quartzite, resembling tall stone pillars up to 200 m high.
Zhangjiajie Square is about 479.15 km². Due to the humid climate and vegetation, quartzite rocks scattered throughout the entire park are the result of centuries of erosion.
Difficult topography, deep ravines, as well as heavy rains and dense forests, provided animals and plants with excellent habitat. The park has 116 species of vertebrates, about 720 species of plants and trees, as well as 30 rare endemic representatives of the flora and fauna.
In the mountain ranges there are more than a hundred large and small karst caves. There are convenient walking paths for tourists here, as well as a glass bridge on Tianmen mountain at an altitude of 1,430 m. The park has unique natural sights such as Tianzi Mountain and the Gate of Heaven, Suoshi Valley, the Golden Whip and Yellow Dragon Cave.
The best national parks in the world. TOP 10
There are cases when in one place you can see a large number of wonders of pristine nature. Therefore, governments of different countries create national parks to protect and preserve these amazing corners of our planet. Numerous parks around the world annually attract millions of visitors who can escape from the noisy city life. Here is a list of ten amazing national parks, the visits of which we find very fascinating.
We deliberately did not include the national parks of Russia in this list, since we have a separate article on the best reserves in Russia.
Oulanka National Park, Finland
Located in Northern Ostrobothnia and Lapland, this park occupies a vast territory with untouched nature. The place is unique in that it is a combination of nature typical of the northern, southern and eastern regions. Here you can find many endangered species of plants and animals, as well as large herds of reindeer wandering through the taiga. For tourists visiting the park is open all year round, even in winter, when the territory is covered with a thick layer of snow.
What is it worth to go for:
Hiking here is the most popular type of recreation: the 80-km long Karhunkierros route (bear trail) will be a difficult task for visitors, but the impressions received during the route will be difficult to forget. In the park there are other routes that in winter you can go on skis, snowshoes or snowmobiles. In the summer, tourists prefer canoeing, cycling or just picking berries and mushrooms.
Krka National Park, Croatia
This beautiful park stretches along the valley of the Krka River, which gave the name to the park. The most popular and famous places in Krka Park are a few cascading waterfalls. Probably the most exciting feature of this place is that, unlike most other parks, which are forbidden to swim, here visitors can easily swim in the river and waterfalls!
What is it worth to go for:
Krka is famous for its rich fauna and flora. The diversity of landscapes is striking: waterfalls, lakes, hiking trails in the forests. All this will provide you with a full day of rest, filled with different types of activity and incredible landscapes.
Olympic National Park, Washington, USA
The park is located on the Olympic peninsula. Created by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1909. Due to unspoiled and diverse nature, preserved in the park, it was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In fact, the park has three different types of landscapes: subalpine, temperate forest and the Pacific coast. The park has a lot of routes that allow you to explore the most distant corners of it and, at the same time, admire amazing natural paintings.
What is it worth to go for:
From the spectacular coastline and beaches to the colorful alpine meadows and forests, from fishing to climbing the mountain peaks, tourists can enjoy the diverse nature all the way through the Olympic National Park. In addition, here you can offer transport that takes you to observation platforms, where you can enjoy a panoramic view of the park and the glaciers!
Gran Paradiso National Park, Italy
This stunning park, named after the Gran Paradiso, is located in the northwestern part of Italy in the Alps. Here, nature has gathered incredible ecosystems - river valleys, mountain lakes, glaciers and alpine meadows, and settled many endangered species of animals, such as alpine ibex, chamois, owls and many others for whom the park is home. Also in the park there are several small villages in different parts of the park where you can find information centers for visitors.
What is it worth to go for:
Obviously, many people come here for long walks, during which you can admire the stunning views that open from the mountains. In addition, you can watch animals and birds, this is also a common form of entertainment in the park. The wildlife here is so rich that without additional efforts one can find many local inhabitants of the animal and plant world.
Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park, Thailand
The marine park in the province of Prachuap Khiri Khan overlooking the bay is proud of its unique nature, which attracts thousands of tourists. It is located in the mountains, where hundreds of limestone peaks rise and create an incredible recognizable landscape. The most popular and fascinating place in the park is Praia Nakhon Cave. This is a huge stone hollow with a hole at the top, so that sunlight comes in and creates some kind of sacred effect.
What is it worth to go for:
In the park you will see many unusual plants and animals strolling right next to you. There are also many picturesque sandy beaches and islands, walking routes and viewing platforms, from which you can admire the beautiful panoramic views.