The saxifrage, the early flower, the bergenia, the Mongolian tea, the Chagir tea, the beran are all names for one plant. It reaches a height of 30-70 cm and prefers closed places from the wind; it can grow under a thick layer of snow. You can meet him in Siberia, China and Mongolia.
Bergenia plant is often used in traditional medicine, as its healing properties can cope with a number of symptoms of various diseases. The raw materials for medicines are all parts of the plant - rhizomes, flowers, seeds, leaves.
Beneficial properties of bergenia and its composition
Bergenia has healing properties, and its use for treatment is possible due to its beneficial composition. The plant has such properties:
- tanning skin,
- gallic acid,
- glycoside bergenin,
- mineral substances: calcium, potassium, magnesium, copper, manganese, cobalt, aluminum, vanadium, barium, nickel, selenium, strontium, gum, tannins, resins, zinc, essential oils,
- ascorbic acid and vitamins.
The older the plant, the more tannins in the rhizome. They make flour, rhizomes can be fried, boiled, eaten.
How to prepare badan
To harvest badan you need to find a good time. Different parts of the plant have different optimal times for this..
Bergenia leaf has popular healing properties. But these qualities have only old leaves that wintered under the snow.
The optimal period for harvesting the leaves of an orchard is autumn and spring. Collected leaves are washed, dried and stored in a box or paper bag. The optimum temperature for drying leaves of bergenia is 60 degrees.
Badana roots taken to harvest in early summer. They need to dig, wash with cold water, dry and spread on fabric or paper. For drying, large Badana roots can be cut into smaller pieces.
1 kg of Badan root in dried form will give only 250 g of raw material. Signs of a properly dried root are that it does not bend, breaks well. On the break should be seen the middle of a light pink or yellow color.
Both leaves and roots of Bergenia can be stored no more than 4 years..
Bergenia in traditional medicine
Badan thanks to its beneficial qualities is popular in traditional medicine. Its properties have a beneficial effect on the body in many diseases.
Polyphenols and arbutin contained in the plant have high antioxidant activity. Arbutin also protects the body's cells from destruction.
Bergenin in the composition of Bergenia has a beneficial effect on the gastrointestinal tract and prevents the accumulation of fat in the body.
Badana teapossesses the styptic, knitting, antimicrobic action.He is able to moderately lower pressure, slightly reduce body temperature and slightly increases the heart rate.
The so-called Altai tea copes well with the removal of physical and moral fatigue, has a tonic effect on the body.
In case of intestinal disorders, rheumatism, arthrosis and arthritis, kidney disease, goiter treatment, tea from bergenia is also used.
Badan has also external use. In the form of powder they sprinkle wounds and bleeding ulcers. For bruises, you can make a compress that will accelerate the resorption of the hematoma.
Also in folk medicine practiced the use of bergenia for neoplasms of different localization.
Broths and infusions are widely used. Broth is used to treat hemorrhoids. In this case, you must take a sedentary bath, the temperature of which should not exceed 38 degrees. Sit in the bathroom with decoction Badan can be up to 20 minutes, and the course is not more than 15 baths.
Badana decoctions applyr for gargling, make lotions and douching. Douching is used to treat colpitis, uterus erosion. Inside taken after meals three times a day for 2 tablespoons. Throat rinse with inflammatory diseases of the body. The decoction is also used to treat dysentery (possibly in combination with antibiotics).
Bergenia is used in such diseases as tuberculosis, pneumonia, dysentery, strong purulent bronchitis. It helps to cope with infectious diseases due to its powerful anti-bacterial properties.
Funds from bergenia can be taken to improve health and a surge of strength in old age, to strengthen the immune system, while weakening performance. Also used in cosmetology - for the skin of the face and head.
There are many recipes for how to make banean in order to get the maximum benefit from consuming this plant. It is taken as an independent medicine, as well as in combination with other herbs. In some cases, combine drug treatment and receiving bergen.
Mongolian (Altai) tea. If you brew the dry leaves of the Badan plant, which were wintering under the snow, you get the so-called Mongolian tea. You need to take 2 tablespoons of crushed dried leaves and pour them with 1 liter of boiling water.
To brew tea from bergenia, it takes longer than brewing ordinary black tea. This is due to the thickness of the leaves - in the bergenia it is larger than that of the tea leaves. After 15-20 minutes of brewing, tea must be drained.
Badana powder and extract. Extraction of medicinal properties of the root of bergenia can be pereterev it into powder. This powder can be used in dry form, as well as used for the preparation of the extract.
To do this, a few tablespoons of dried, shredded bergenia roots are poured with 1 cup of boiling water and the resulting mixture is boiled in a sealed container until half the liquid is evaporated. The extract is taken several times a day, 27 drops.
Infusion. For the preparation of infusion will need 20 g of leaves and flowers of bergenia. ANDx pour a glass of hot water and insist in a water bath for 15 minutes, then cool. Preparation of tincture takes about 45 minutes. You can take it several times a day for 2 tablespoons.
Decoction. For the broth will need 15 g of roots, which need to fill with hot water. The mixture is infused for half an hour in a water bath.
Who can not take Badan
Badan has contraindications for use, and they are as follows:
- tendency to thrombosis,
- increased blood clotting,
- chronic constipation
- low pressure,
Unpretentious plant with small beautiful flowers. In the natural environment is found in mountainous and forest areas, on poor soils. It has a developed thick root, used in folk medicine for the treatment of intestinal infections, as an antiseptic and wound-healing agent for burns, skin lesions, and gynecological practice.
Valuable plant can sometimes be found in urban parks and squares. For landscaping it is chosen for many reasons. It is not demanding to the conditions of growth and soil, as its natural habitat are unfriendly Altai mountains. It blooms in neat bright flowers, long retains the leaves, which by the autumn turn brown. This is Badan, whose healing properties are rarely known to city dwellers. But this compact flower is worth a closer look.
Externally, the plant resembles a violet, only the size of the flowers is smaller. Bushes rarely grow more than fifty centimeters in height. Their leaves are round, rich green, shiny and fleshy, collected in the socket directly from the soil.
The stem is bare, only at the very tip of it are flowers in the form of open bells, purple-red shade. Flowers are collected in inflorescences crowning the flowering arrow. The period of flowering is May and June, after which the fruit-boxes form from flowers.
Despite its small size, the culture has a massive root. The length of the rhizomes of Bergenia reach one meter, and at the surface of the soil, their diameter is often thirty or more centimeters. The presence of such a developed root system allows the plant to survive and even bloom where other flower cultures cannot grow: in Altai, in the mountainous terrain of Central Asia.
Collecting and harvesting
Traditional medicine uses Badan Pacific (thick) completely, taking into account the valuable qualities of the roots, leaves. They are collected at different times.
- Rhizome. Dig in June, after flowering plants. The large rhizome is cleaned, small and damaged parts are removed, washed and crushed into pieces no more than twenty centimeters in length. Dried, placed on newspapers under a canopy or in the dryer, setting the temperature to no more than thirty degrees for three weeks. For the root of the Badan plant, slow drying with a slight increase in temperature is necessary, since at high temperatures the main part of the active ingredients is lost during drying. After the procurement cycle, the medicinal properties of Bergenia remain for four years.
- Leaves. As they grow older, the plant accumulates more valuable substances in the leaves. Therefore, in folk medicine, leaflets that have been preserved on a bush for at least three winters are valued. They are distinguished by a loose structure, often black and brown. But just such leaves have a specific, pleasant aroma, acquired by them in the process of many years of natural fermentation. Badan tea from three-year-old leaves and older is a more valuable product than that made from young leaves. The latter have a soft, barely perceptible odor, aggravated after wintering. It is during this period that they are collected, paying attention to dark, browned leaves. After collecting them dry on paper under a canopy.
Badana casting can be used immediately after collection. Dry leaflets can be the basis of tonic tea or used as a medicinal raw material.
The plant is so unpretentious that it can be grown in the conditions of a garden. It will suit shady and half-shaded areas with dried soil. Badan reproduction is carried out by dividing from an adult bush in autumn.
Composition and properties
Rhizome accumulates tannins, the level of which is up to twenty-eight percent, of which up to ten percent is highly effective tannins. Tannins - astringent compounds that have a versatile effect: hemostatic, inhibiting the secretion of glands, antiseptic. It also contains glycoside bergenin, sugars and free polyphenols.
Tannins are also present in the leaves, but in a lower concentration. The older the plant, the less tannins will be in its foliage. But the content of another, no less valuable component increases with age. The beneficial properties of bergenia are associated with the content of arbutin glycoside in it, the level of which is up to twenty percent. This substance has a pronounced antiseptic effect.
The effect of arbutin on the human body is not fully understood. There is evidence that the substance can be a source of carcinogenic risk when taken orally and the corresponding metabolic reactions in the intestine. According to other data, the substance can be used in oncology in order to reduce the intensity of the development of tumors and prevent cancer. These data are presented in the study of specialists of the German Institute The German Institute of Food Research.
The use of thick logs
Due to tannins, medicinal raw materials have a wide range of effects on the body. Its anti-inflammatory action has been proven, it is actively astringent and depressing the development of pathogenic flora. Herbal extract compresses tissue, with local use causes the effect of vasoconstriction. When ingestion has a tonic effect on the cardiovascular system and reduces pressure.
The use of heavy bergatum is effective in the following areas.
- Diarrhea, infectious diseases of the digestive tract. Tannins are active against pathogens of intestinal infections. When combined with sulfanilamide antibiotics, they are highly effective in inhibiting dysentery pathogens.
- Gynecology. Hemostatic and anti-inflammatory properties of Bergenia can be used in his gynecological practice. Recommended for the treatment of heavy menstruation arising on the background of inflammatory processes, fibroids, uterine fibroids. Stimulates the healing of cervical erosion.
- Hemorrhoidal bleeding. In the form of lotions with external use reduces the permeability of blood vessels, reduces swelling of tissues and the severity of local bleeding of hemorrhagic nodes.
- Dentistry Badan thick-leaved - an effective remedy for inflammatory diseases of the mucous membranes, oral cavity. Recommended as a disinfectant rinse with gingivitis, stomatitis.
Medicinal raw materials are used for preparations of external and internal action. When externally used as a wound-healing drug, Badan has no contraindications. When using the inside should consult a doctor, as there is a risk of pressure reduction. In small quantities can be used regularly, as a tasty, tonic tea.
The use of Badana root in cosmetology helps in solving the problems of oily skin prone to inflammatory processes, the appearance of defects. The tool reduces the severity of inflammation, normalizes the microflora of the skin, promotes healing of wounds.
- Grind the rhizome, use a tablespoon of raw materials.
- Fill with alcohol in the amount of one hundred milliliters.
- Leave in a dark place for five days.
This tincture is applied in the form of lotions on the face twice a week. Apply anti-inflammatory mask should be for fifteen minutes.
Decoction for dysentery, diarrhea
As a remedy for diarrhea, to improve the condition of intestinal infections using decoction of bergenia root. It quickly facilitates the state due to the complex effects: astringent, hemostatic and anti-inflammatory.
- Grind the rhizome, use a tablespoon of raw materials.
- Fill with boiling water of two hundred milliliters.
- Set in a water bath, soak for thirty minutes.
- Cool, strain.
- Squeeze the raw material into the drained broth, add boiled water to the amount of two hundred milliliters.
This recipe will help with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, the treatment of infectious diseases of the intestines. Take the broth should be up to three times a day for two tablespoons. At the time of treatment of diarrhea, dysentery to limit the diet, increase the amount of fluid you drink.
Wound healing extract
Means for external and internal use. Recommended for use in gynecology with heavy bleeding inflammatory nature. When used externally, it accelerates wound healing.
- Crush the rhizome and leaves, mix. Use three tablespoons of raw materials.
- Pour in boiling water in the amount of two hundred milliliters.
- Protome on low heat, evaporating the composition to half.
- Squeeze the raw material, strain the composition.
Take liquid extract should be up to three times a day, thirty drops. When used in the form of lotions, warm fabric is impregnated with a soft cloth and applied to the affected skin.
The infusion of Badana rhizomes helps fight hypertension. It tones the cardiovascular system and improves the functioning of the heart.
- Grind the rhizome, use a tablespoon.
- Fill the raw material with boiling water of two hundred milliliters.
- Leave for an hour to infuse, strain.
To reduce the pressure, it is recommended to take a spoonful up to four times a day.
Badan thick-leaved - an uncommon plant, although it quickly adapts to any environmental conditions. Its industrial preparation is not carried out; raw materials are rarely found in the pharmacy chain. You can find it only by specially poisoning him in the mountainous terrain of Altai or other mountain ranges of Central Asia.
But having found a bush, be sure to take a piece of rhizome with you, which can be planted on the house plot. Then an effective remedy for intestinal diseases, bleeding and hypertension, a natural and safe antiseptic will always be in your first-aid kit.
Meet Badan - a plant from Central and Southeast Asia
Representatives of the stone-heel family are species that are undemanding to their growing conditions. Ecological plasticity of plants belonging to the genus of Bergenia (Badan) is striking. Different types and cultivars are adapted to life under the canopy of trees. In the gardens and on the rocky peaks, you can also find an unpretentious Badan. Application in landscaping and landscape design of this groundcover is very diverse. Используется для посадки в каменистых садах, альпинариях, на берегах водоемов, в партерах и миксбордерах.
Badan has long attracted attention with its value in alternative medicine of Altai and Tibet. Tanning and dyeing properties have been used in leather and dyeing crafts. Badana rhizome is eaten, overwintered dark leaves are brewed and drunk. Drink in Russia and abroad is called differently: Mongolian, Chigir, Siberian or Altai tea.
In nature, found only about a dozen representatives of the genus Badan. The plant, whose Latin name is Bergenia crassifolia, served as the starting material for breeding. Other species have also been introduced into culture, for example, Cardiac Bernardine (B. cordifolia), Cardiac Puran (B. purpurascens). The height of these plants is in the range from 15 to 60 cm, medium and low - no higher than 30 cm. There are double flowers, hybrids with large bell-shaped corolla, brightly colored autumn leaves. Varieties obtained in the selection of natural species, combines the name "Badan Hybrid" (V. x hybrida hort).
Underground organs. Rhizome
The massive underground part is a conspicuous feature of the structure of plants living in difficult environmental conditions. The same feature is characteristic of most species of the genus Badan. The plant survives in winter due to the supply of nutrients in the underground stem hundreds of centimeters long. The rhizome on top is covered with brown skin, its core is light pink, darkening in air due to the starch content. The underground escape of bergenia lies shallowly from the surface of the substrate. If the coast is grown in regions with frosty, snowless winters, then shelters are used during the cold season.
Leaves of bergenia
Bergenia species with rounded leaf plates with a diameter of about 3–6 cm, with wavy or smooth edges. Such plants are characteristic of highlands, where it is cold and the air is rarefied. Usually the size of the leaves is much larger, for some species and varieties they reach 20–30 cm in length and about the same in diameter. Top plates are matte or glossy, covered with pubescence or smooth. The leaves during the growing season are painted green.
Variegated varieties of bergenia accumulate carotenoids, anthocyanins, thanks to them they become yellow, bronze, red, purple. Landscape designers and gardeners especially for such magnificent shades of foliage and bright colors of the rims. Applications are also found in species in which the leaves, after hibernation, acquire a bronze-brown and black color. They are used to make a tea substitute. The ability of individual cultivars to tolerate low temperatures can be determined by the structure of the leaves. Winter-hardy varieties usually do not have cilia along the edge of the green plate.
Herbaceous aerial part grows from a long creeping rhizome. The plant throws out arrows devoid of leaves from March to May (depending on the climatic zone). The length of peduncles in tall species and varieties reaches 40–60 cm. At the top, bell-shaped corollas of regular shape, about 1–2 cm in diameter, bloom. Petals are pink, purple, red, burgundy, and purple.
Each inflorescence-panicle form about 50-120 flowers. After the petals fall off, new green leaves grow, especially of large sizes, they reach the individual varieties obtained from the natural species Bergenia. Planting and care for flowering and decorative leafy cultivars are somewhat different. For the first need sunny areas, the second fit shady places.
The color range of new varieties of bergenia is becoming more diverse. There are cultivars with white corollas, with transitions between the red and pink colors of live “glasses” of simple or terry forms. Thanks to remontant varieties and cultivars with different period of flowering in the garden, you can create curtains, long preserving the decorative appearance.
The soil in the area where bergenia is grown should be moist, humus-rich, neutral or slightly alkaline (pH - from 6.0 to 7.5). In the fall of September or October, planting areas with roots and leaves about 10 cm long are cut from the rhizome for planting. You can choose planting material when preparing a healing bergenia. The beneficial properties of the plant attract many Russian gardeners and gardeners to it.
The greatest difficulty is the landing of Bergenia. It is held in autumn or spring, for which they dig a hole of sufficient depth. First, place the roots in it, pour water and fall asleep on 2/3 of the earth. A little ramming so that the roots contact with the soil, then water and fill the ground. When planting several plants, a distance of 40 cm is left between them. The first summer is the most difficult period for the bergenia, the land part hardly increases in size. The plant will bloom in full force only after three years.
Badan requires regular watering, but without stagnant water. Every spring should be added humus or compost around curtains, clear them from dried peduncles. In the fall, you can also make organic fertilizers for bushes. You will need top dressing full mineral fertilizer before and after flowering.
Late autumn, they sprinkle Badan leaves with fallen leaves; leaving in spring is to collect this rotted mass after the snow has melted. Some cultivars of bergenia of the European selection are characterized by low winter hardiness. Such varieties at the first frost must be covered. Another important detail for flower growers and gardeners - Badan is resistant to pests and diseases.
Shrub dividing is a simple and easy way of vegetative reproduction of bergenia. The plant should not be transplanted often, the rhizomes and root of the bergenia are perfectly mastering the same corner of the garden or flower garden. Usually curtains thinned once in 5 years. With excessively rapid growth and thickening, it is possible to divide the bushes for transplantation in 1–3 years. To facilitate the cultivation of bergenia transplanted not only the bushes dug in the garden, but also grown in pots. In frosty areas, containers for the winter must be placed in the basement or covered with earth.
Medicinal bergenia can be propagated by seed. They are smooth, almost black in color, about 2 mm long. These seeds are sown in May – June. If you plan to grow seedlings, you will need stratification. To do this, the seeds are placed in a bag and sprinkled with a moist nutrient substrate, kept in the refrigerator for 2 weeks. Outdoors, sowing in the soil is carried out in early spring. Germination on the street lasts 2-6 weeks at a temperature of 15 to 21 ° C. If the seedlings are obtained in room mini-greenhouses, the young plants are transferred to open spaces after frost. In cold regions for the Badana choose areas that are well warmed by the sun all day.
Bergen leaves application
From the ground part of a medicinal plant that has darkened after wintering, medicinal decoctions, extracts, extracts are prepared, brewed and drunk as tea. Bergenia leaves contain tannins, phytoncides. Terrestrial organs of the plant are also rich in arbutin, free hydroquinone. Mongolian or Chigir tea from banyan leaves is used as a pleasant tonic. Broths and infusions treat diseases of the thyroid gland, urinary system. The treatment berden can be used in combination with the herb St. John's wort.
Useful properties of the rhizome of the Badan plant thick-leaved
Planting and care for clumps of bergenia are simple, underground shoots provide material for vegetative propagation and harvesting as medicinal raw materials. Bergenia rhizome contains glycoside bergenin, up to 20–30% tannins, sugary and starchy compounds. For therapeutic purposes, raw materials are harvested during the summer months. After collection, the rhizome is washed, cut into chunks, and dried. Then by drying in air under canopies or in special dryers, the water content in the raw materials is brought to a minimum. In this form, it is possible to store the healing rhizomes of the Badan plant for 4 years. Useful properties for the human body is bactericidal, anti-inflammatory, analgesic effects of its drugs.
Application of Badan rhizome powder
Active substances derived from the underground stem of bergenia, strengthen the walls of blood vessels. Badan has a healing effect on diseases of the gums, the digestive tract, helps with heavy menstruation, has a cosmetological value.
Folk healers recommend drinking an infusion of rhizomes of the plant Badan. Medicinal properties of the drug may be useful for the following health problems:
- non-infectious digestive disorders and intestinal absorption,
- inflammation of the throat, mouth,
The external use of the thickened rhizome of the thicket leaves prevents inflammation of small wounds, cuts, and improves the condition of the cervix with erosive lesions. Apply a solution of powder for rinsing with stomatitis. If the rhizomes are well soaked, then it can be used in their food, used in dishes.
Bright buds on the background of large, succulent leaves - decoration of different types of flower beds. Many owners of vegetable gardens and orchards assign bergenia a place in the beds with medicinal and spicy herbs. Curtains of an evergreen plant resist weather anomalies, retain a decorative appearance from spring to late autumn. Different cultivars of bergenia look good among the trees and shrubs in mixborders, front gardens, look great in rockeries, on alpine hills. The leaves and rhizomes of Badanov - thick-leaved, heart-shaped and others - have many useful properties. Plants deserve wider distribution and use in different regions of Russia and the CIS.
Berberia - Bergenia crassifolia (L.) Fritsch - belongs to the family of stone-sawed beetles - Saxifragaceae - is a herbaceous perennial, reaching a height of 50 cm. It has a long creeping branched rhizome of dark brown color, located under the soil surface. The rhizome can reach a length of several meters, all over it is covered with scars - traces from the attachment of numerous rosette leaves.
Basal leaves are whole, leathery, large, wintering. The lamina is almost rounded, rarely broadly obovate, with a rounded tip and a heart-shaped base, with large blunt teeth at the edges. The leaf blade reaches a length of 30 cm, its width can also be 30 cm.
The correct five-membered flowers of lilac-pink color are located on leafless peduncles, collected in paniculate-corymbose inflorescence. The fruit is an elliptical box with many small seeds. Badan flowers from May to July, the fruits ripen during July and August.
Badan is an endemic plant of the mountains of Southern Siberia. It grows at an altitude of 300 to 2500 m above sea level on rocky slopes in the forest, alpine and subalpine zones. Often forms abundant thickets in dark coniferous forests. Used as an ornamental plant when making flower beds.
Chemical composition of raw materials
Rhizomes of thick-leaved bergenia in large quantities contain tannins (up to 27%), arbutin, phenolic acids and their derivatives, a lot of starch. Many tannins (about 30%), flavonoids (kaempferol, quercetin), and free polyphenols are also found in the leaves. In addition, copper, iron, manganese, vitamin P, ascorbic acid are contained.
Medicinal properties of the plant
The medicinal effect of badan is due to its high content tannins. The preparations obtained from it have astringent, hemostatic, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. This allows the use of badan in gynecology to stop bleeding and to treat cervical erosion, for rinsing in case of gum diseases, and inside for colitis and enterocolitis.
Bergenia also increases the heart rate, lowers blood pressure, inhibits the secretion of sweat glands, reduces pain and inflammation, strengthens the walls of capillaries, has a local vasoconstrictor effect, and is used for kidney disease. The leaves and rhizomes of the plant are used for the manufacture of preparations with antitumor and immunostimulating actions.
For therapeutic purposes, apply:
- Badana rhizome , crushed raw materials - used for the preparation of infusions and decoctions.
- Badana decoction - taken orally for uterine and pulmonary hemorrhages, uterine fibroids, infectious diseases, colitis and enterocolitis, for liver diseases, in combination with antibiotics - for dysentery. Outwardly, the decoction is used for syringing with colpitis and cervical erosion, in dentistry - for rinsing with periodontal disease, gingivitis and stomatitis, for wiping with furunculosis and other skin diseases.
- Infusion - also used externally and inward, indications are the same as that of the broth.
- Rhizome powder - used for strewing difficult wounds.
- Liquid extract - used for douching and vaginal baths (diluted with 1:50 in warm water before use), mouth rinses (10 ml of extract is diluted in 90 ml of distilled or boiled water). Inside the extract is taken with high blood pressure, uterine bleeding, colitis, to strengthen the walls of blood vessels.
The use of drugs from bergenia contraindicated with:
- low blood pressure
- increased blood clotting,
- tachycardia (heart palpitations).
Long-term use decoctions and infusions inside can cause constipation.
The leaves and rhizomes of Badan Siberian folk healers have long been used as a means of eliminating various inflammations that have a hemostatic and bactericidal effect. Mongolian healers use badan drugs for nausea, vomiting, and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
The leaves are brewed as tea, it is used for diarrhea, feverish conditions, to increase immunity, eliminate apathy and fatigue, with honey and sugar is used as a normal drink. Leaves for brewing need to be collected correctly: only old, blackened leaves, aged at least three years, are suitable for consumption. Fresh green leaves do not brew, as they are poisonous. The freshly-dried leaves of the current year are distinguished by a light brown color, the last year's - dark brown. Before use, the old black leaves are quickly washed in water and dried with a thin layer.
Due to the content of arbutin, the infusion of rhizomes is used to remove stones from the kidneys, used in the collection of yarrow herb to treat acute cystitis.
Sessile baths with a decoction of rhizomes prescribed for the treatment of hemorrhoids.
Badana application in other industries
The high content of tannins in rhizomes and leaves of Bergenia allows their use in the production of tanning extracts used in leather dressing. For these purposes, there are special plantations for the cultivation of bergenia. Also, natural black and brown dyes are obtained from it.
The rhizomes, soaked in water, are added to soups and meat dishes, during the years of famine, the Badan saved more than one life.
In cosmetology, the medicinal properties of badan are used to combat oily facial seborrhea, acne, excessive sweating.
The Latin name of the plant comes from the surname of German botanist Carl von Bergen, and the former was called bergenia. The Russian name is associated with the old Russian word “badana”, which means “armor”, obviously, because of the dense leaves of the plant.
At present, breeders have deduced a lot of ornamental varieties of bergenia, differing in the shape and color of leaves (they can be burgundy, yellow, with lemon stains on a green background), color of flowers and height of plants.
Medicinal raw materials
The healing properties of the roots and the old half-rotten blackened leaves of black and brown color, which have been on the plant for at least three years. During this time, under the action of the sun and moisture, they ferment, lose some tannins and acquire a pleasant aroma.
Raw materials are harvested throughout the summer (until the end of the growing season). Rhizomes are cleaned from the ground and small roots, cut into pieces (10-15 cm long) and dried for about three weeks at a temperature of 45 ° C to an air-dry state. Before drying, rhizomes are dried. Dried rhizomes are used as a medicinal raw material for the manufacture of liquid extract. In the spring, dry leaves overwintered for at least one year are also harvested. The shelf life of raw materials up to 5 years.
The chemical composition of bergenia
Berber leaves contain up to 23% of tannides, and in its rhizomes up to 27%. In addition, 25-27% of tannins, phenolic compounds, phenolcarboxylic acids, coumarin derivative - beregnin, as well as isocoumarins, catechins, starch, sugars, and mineral salts were found in the rhizomes. Gallic acid, coumarins, flavonoids, vitamin C, carotene and arbutin, as well as 2-4% of free hydroquinone are found in the leaves.
A distinctive feature of Bergenia is the presence in all its parts, from the rhizome to the flowers, a large number of tannins. По их содержанию бадан занимает среди растений одно из лидирующих мест. В корневищах, например, их содержится до 20—25%, а в листьях– 10—20%.In all parts of the plant, a large amount of Arbutin glycoside with a disinfectant effect was also found, the content of which bergenia is also considered the richest plant in the world. In addition, it contains volatile production, vitamins, trace elements.
Medicinal properties of badana
Bergenia is used for the following diseases:
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract,
- intestinal infections
- after radiation and chemotherapy,
- gingivitis and bleeding,
- periodontal disease
- dysfunctional uterine bleeding,
- abundant menstruation against the background of the inflammatory process,
- postpartum hemorrhage,
- bleeding after an abortion on the background of inflammation,
- bleeding with hemorrhoids,
- cervical erosion,
The preparations made on the basis of thick-leaved bergenise have an astringent, bactericidal, wound healing, anticancer, anti-inflammatory and hemostatic effect. They help to strengthen the walls of blood vessels, remove harmful substances from the body, reduce blood pressure, strengthen the immune system, improve the functioning of the cardiovascular system. Half-rotten leaves and roots of bergenia have healing properties.
Badan plate is used for dental diseases, colitis, diseases of the throat, reproductive organs, gastrointestinal tract, diarrhea, dysentery, blood diseases (leukemia), heavy menstruation, fevers, trichomoniasis, headaches, ulcers, bleeding, pain, anemia, anemia, fevers, trichomoniasis, headaches, ulcers, bleeding, pains, anemia, anemia, fevers, trichomoniasis, headaches, ulcers, bleeding, pains, anemia, anemia, fevers, trichomoniasis, headaches, ulcers, bleeding, pains, anemia, anemia, fevers, trichomoniasis, headaches, ulcers, bleeding, pains, anesthesia, fever, trichomoniasis, headaches, ulcers, bleeding, pains, anemia, anemia, headaches, ulcers, bleeding , hematomas and oncological diseases.
In Tibetan medicine, Badania stalks are used to treat pulmonary tuberculosis, acute respiratory infections, influenza, leaves preparations - kidney diseases, roots - gastrointestinal diseases, pneumonia, articular rheumatism, and also as a febrifuge.
Mongolian tea, which is also called Badanov Chagir tea, has long been used in folk medicine in Siberia and Mongolia.
This tea is an excellent prophylactic agent with reduced immunity and age-related changes in the body.
In folk medicine of Siberia, an infusion of rhizomes and roots of Bergenia is used for gastrointestinal diseases, diseases of the throat and oral cavity, as well as for fevers and headaches. Externally, powder rhizomes and roots are used for wound healing and as an anti-inflammatory agent.
In official medicine, Badan's drugs are used internally for non-infectious colitis and enterocolitis, and externally for rinsing for diseases of the oral cavity, and in gynecological practice for treating cervical erosion.
Contraindications in the application of badan:
- Constipation. This is a controversial contraindication and depends on the state of the body at the moment: if constipation is combined with an exacerbation of hemorrhoids, then yes, the use of badan inside is not desirable. And externally, for the treatment of hemorrhoids is necessary.
- Tachycardia. As a substance that increases the tone, it slightly increases the heart rate. This effect for each organism individually, depending on its condition. But it is very valuable in bradyocardia, slow pulse, less than 60 beats per minute.
- Increased blood clotting. As a drug that stops bleeding, it increases the risk of blood clots.
- Hypertension. Very useful for hypotonia, because it slightly increases blood pressure. For hypertensive patients, it is also possible to drink Badanov tea, but not during an exacerbation. When treating chronic diseases with tinctures and extracts of Bergenia, it is necessary to constantly monitor pressure readings.
In addition, it should be remembered that herbal medicine requires adherence to these rules:
Badana Dosage Forms
The dry dosage form of Bergenia is powder. It is made from the roots. At first they are dried, then crushed and ground in a mortar or in a coffee grinder.
Another powder is made from black overwintered leaves of Bergenia. They are collected, washed, then dried and crushed. From the bergenia can also be done smaller brewing. To do this, the leaves are washed, soaked in cold water during the day, then passed through a meat grinder and dried. In the grind form, Badan is brewed much stronger.
How to make Badan
Liquid dosage forms are prepared in the form of an extract or a decoction. To prepare the extract you need to take 3 tbsp. l crushed rhizomes of bergenia, pour 1 cup boiling water, half evaporate and strain hot.
For cooking broth take 1 tbsp. l crushed rhizomes, pour 1 cup of hot water, simmer for 30 minutes, cool for 10 minutes at room temperature and strain.
For prophylactic purposes, preparations prepared with bergenia can be eaten.
Fruit and vegetable cocktail. Mix 1 tablespoon of crushed leaves of bergenia, lemon zest, horseradish and carrots, add 100 g of honey and 1 liter of light beer. Mix everything thoroughly, strain and pour the resulting substance into a glass jar. Take a drink every 2-2.5 hours after a meal 3 times a day and 1 teaspoon. Treatment should last 45 days. If necessary, repeat the course.
Therapeutic infusion of Badana and cranberries. Take 1 cup of beetroot and carrot juice, 1 tablespoon of juice from the leaves and stalk of Bergenia, 1 glass of cranberry juice and 0.2 cups of lemon juice, 1 tablespoon of honey and 0.5 cups of medical alcohol. Mix everything thoroughly with a mixer, strain and cool. The resulting infusion should be insisted in a cool dark place for 3 days. The mixture should be shaken from time to time. Take it before meals 3 times a day and 1 tablespoon. The course of treatment must be carried out within 1.5–2 months.
Infusion with badan from bronchitis:
At the beginning of the decoction of the root of the Badan.
They boil for a quarter of an hour, filter, take 30 drops up to 4 times a day for bronchitis.
For better coughing, decoction of the bergenia is enhanced by infusion of herbs:
- Peppermint 15 grams per cup
- Elecampane (roots) 15 grams per glass
- Coltsfoot 15 grams per glass
Herbs insist, filter and mix everything together with the decoction of bergenia.
Take 1/3 cup 3 times a day.
Badan from diarrhea
Tea from the leaves of the plant serves as a good remedy for indigestion, as bergenia is strong. But in combination with other herbs, this property of Badana weakens. Therefore, in dysentery it is used in the form of decoction. Take 1 tbsp. l crushed leaves, pour a glass of water, simmer for 20 minutes, strain and take 2 tbsp. l 3 times a day before meals.
Badan from hemorrhoids
For hemorrhoids, take in equal quantities the rhizomes of the thicket banyan, Potentilla erect and calamus calamus. Crush plants, 1 tbsp. l Mix the mixture with 1 cup boiling water, warm it in a water bath for 15 minutes and leave for 30 minutes. Then strain and take 3 tbsp. l 4 times a day 20 minutes before meals.
Julia Nikolaeva, "Calendula, aloe and badan thick-leaved - healers for all diseases."
Bergenia medical use - treatment of bergenia
- For diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - Badan for diarrhea
A decoction of Badana rhizomes are also used for colitis of non-ventricular etiology, and for desentery they are prescribed in combination with antibiotics and sulfonamides.
- Badan in gynecology
A decoction of Badana rhizomes is used internally in gynecological practice:
- with heavy menstruation on the basis of inflammatory processes of the uterus,
- with hemorrhagic metropathy,
- fibrome uterus,
- with bleeding after abortion.
Outwardly in the form of douching and vaginal baths - for the treatment of cervical erosion and colpitis.
- As an anti-inflammatory agent for oral diseases
In dentistry, Badan is used as an anti-inflammatory, astringent and styptic in chronic oral diseases: stomatitis, gingivitis, periodontal disease, for lubricating gums and rinsing, as well as for rectal diseases.
- Hemostatic agent
Compresses with berry decoction are used in traditional medicine for healing wounds, bruises, resorption of hematomas.
- Badan with hemorrhoids
Warm infusion of Badan root can be used externally in the form of local baths, daily, for 15 minutes, after an act of defecation, and preferably before bedtime.
Therapeutic recipes for the use of rhizome
- Broth from the rhizomes of Badana
1 tbsp. Badana rhizomes pour 200 ml of boiling water and heat in a water bath for 30 minutes.
The broth is cooled for 10 minutes, filtered and brought to the original volume with boiled water.
Take 1-2 tablespoons before meals 2-3 times a day for gastrointestinal disorders.
- Badan root infusion
To prepare the infusion, 2 teaspoons of crushed raw materials pour 200 ml of hot boiled water, infuse for 30 minutes. Apply for rinsing the mouth, douching, external baths.
- Alcohol tincture from Badan rhizomes
Rhizomes Badana poured vodka at a ratio of 1:10, insist for 10 days in a dark cool place, filter and apply externally.
- Badana tea
Tea from Badana rhizomes is recommended to be used to increase the overall tone of the body, but only in the absence of contraindications.
1 tbsp crushed rhizomes pour 300, 0 ml of boiling water, cover with a lid and infuse for 15 -20 minutes. If desired, a spoonful of honey can be added to the finished drink.
If you want to cultivate bergenia thick-leaved on your garden plot, consider the following points:
- Half shade or shady spot
- Moderately dry or any fruit soil
- Propagated by dividing the bush
Apply bergenia correctly and be healthy.
Bergenia is a perennial herbaceous medicinal plant that can reach a height of seventy centimeters. Bergenia has a creeping, creeping, fleshy, thick, horizontally located, branched dark brown rhizome, leafless, thick, pink-red stem, up to seventy centimeters high.
The plant is endowed with large dark green, basal, shiny, rounded-heart-shaped or oval-shaped leaflets, located on long petioles and the correct form, soft, white, pinkish or purple five-membered flowers. Bergenia fruit - dry ellipsoidal boxes with the presence of two diverging blades. Seeds are small, oblong, black color.
The plant begins to bloom at the beginning of the summer period - in the month of June, and the fruits begin to ripen at the end of the summer. The plant loves to grow on rocky slopes, in deciduous and coniferous forests, scree and rocks. Bergenia is not a capricious plant, shade-tolerant and extremely winter-hardy.
How is plant material harvested?
In alternative medicine, the root of bergenia and leaflets are used predominantly. Harvesting rhizomes is recommended at the beginning of the summer period. Collection must be done manually. Next, the roots are cleaned of impurities, soil and washed under running water. If the roots are large, they must be cut, preferably along.
The next stage is the drying of raw materials. You can dry the roots in the open air, under a canopy. In extreme cases, drying in a well-ventilated room or in the attic is allowed. But the best option is the use of special dryers. It is very important to adhere to the temperature regime - a maximum of forty degrees.
Properly dried Badana root will break easily and have a strong astringent taste. It is recommended to store the prepared raw materials in boxes made of cardboard or paper in a well-ventilated, dry room. Storage time is four years, not more.
As for the preparation of leaflets, only three-year, blackened are suitable for medical purposes. They are collected in the spring after the snow melt, dried in the open air and placed in paper bags for further storage. Duration of storage of raw materials - one year.
Chemical composition, pharmacological properties
This herbaceous perennial contains a significant amount:
- ellagic and gallic acids,
- mineral substances
- essential oils
- resinous substances.
Bergenia medicines have anti-inflammatory, hemostatic, antimicrobial, wound healing, antitumor, immunomodulatory, adaptogenic, anti-stress, antispasmodic, antipyretic and cardiac stimulating effects.
Substances contained in the composition of this miraculous plant, contribute to:
- moderate decrease in blood pressure,
- vascular wall strengthening
- increase in heart rate,
- elimination of bleeding,
- relieve and eliminate headaches and migraines,
- treatment of whooping cough, tuberculosis, rheumatism, stomatitis, tonsillitis, dermatosis, gastritis, endemic goiter, hemorrhoids, laryngitis, fever, rheumatoid arthritis, uterine fibroids, erosions, pneumonia.
30 grams of chopped, dried roots of bergenia pour water, bring to a boil. Leave the tool to languish on a quiet fire for half an hour. Cool, filter, drink 50 ml of the drug four times a day as an anti-inflammatory, astringent, blood-purifying agent. The medicine helps to treat colitis, enterocolitis, tuberculosis, gastrointestinal ailments, pneumonia, furunculosis, tonsillitis, rheumatism.
Connect the bergenia with bastard and hunter. Crush all the ingredients and mix well. Brew 20 g of vegetable mixture 300 ml of boiling water. Pro-remedy for thirty minutes, and then set aside the medication for a couple of hours. Take 50 ml of medicine twice a day, preferably in the form of heat. If desired, the infusion can add sea buckthorn oil, just a few droplets.
Preparation of styptic broth
Connect the bergenia with the rhizome of Potentilla, the highlander snake, the roots of burnet, licorice. Grind all the plants and brew thirty grams of raw materials with 400 milliliters of boiled water. Boil the product for thirty minutes. Do not forget to stir the composition. Strain and drink half a cup of broth six times a day.
Bergenia in the treatment of duodenitis
Mix crushed Badana root with calendula, flax seeds, amir and oak bark. Fill ten grams of raw material with 500 ml of boiling water. Let the agent infuse for four hours. Use 50 ml of the medicine five times a day. Therapeutic course for duodenitis should be fourteen days.
Bergenia preparations should not be abused, because the plant contains a high concentration of tannins that can cause constipation. Not desirable to take drugs on the basis of badan for people suffering from hypotension, tachycardia. Do not use the green leaves of the plant, as they contain toxic substances.