Women's Tips

10 most famous women in the world of astronauts

Now you can’t surprise anyone by flying into space. Of course, they are not yet perceived as an everyday occurrence, but nevertheless there is already no such agiotage as was accompanied by the first steps of humanity at the base of the unknown, infinite starry sky. More than half a century has passed since the first ever flight into space. During this time, more than five hundred people managed to see through the glass window, how vast are the expanses of the universe. On board the spacecraft flew not only men. Among them were women cosmonauts of the USSR and Russia.

First in the world

The championship in this area belongs to one of the most famous personalities in the world - Valentina Tereshkova. She was born in 1937 in a small village located near Yaroslavl. When she was 22 years old, she seriously got carried away with skydiving.

In the years 1962-1997 she was a member of the female cosmonaut corps. In addition to her, there were 4 other candidates for the flight. I must say that Tereshkova was not the best in terms of endurance and physical fitness. But the then government decided to send her first into space.

There were two reasons that influenced such a decision. The first one is the origin. Valentina Tereshkova was, as they said at that time, a “from the people”. The second reason is attractive appearance, charm and charisma.

Despite the fact that the flight was officially recognized as successful, it was not without difficulties. Tereshkova felt bad, and the spacesuit was very uncomfortable. Because of this, she was unable to complete all the planned tasks in full. In addition, a number of other technical difficulties emerged. For example, when assembling manual control, mistakes were made that almost led to the deviation of the ship from orbit. But since the automation was on top, the landing went well.

In 1963, Tereshkova received the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. In addition, she is still the only woman in the army of the Russian Federation who carries the military rank of major general.

It must be said that all women from Russia who have been in space have made an invaluable contribution to the development and study of our Universe. But only Valentina Tereshkova and to this day is the first and only representative of the fair sex who made a single flight into the Earth's orbit.

First in outer space

The next woman who saw the cosmos was Svetlana Savitskaya. She was born in 1947 in the family of the marshal and became an astronaut due to her firm sense of purpose, strength of will and high professionalism.

Savitskaya’s career began with the Vzlyot NGO, where she worked as a test pilot. In 1982 she got into the crew of the Soyuz T-7 spacecraft, where she spent 8 days. And after 2 years she went out into space, where she stayed for 3 hours and 35 minutes.

The longest flight

The next representative, replenished the list of "Women-cosmonauts of the USSR and Russia", was Elena Kondakova. She was born in 1957 in the Moscow region, in the town of Mytishchi. In 1989 she became a candidate for the cosmonaut corps and after special training she obtained the qualification of a researcher.

Like her two predecessors, Elena Kondakova also became the first - in terms of the duration of her stay in space. Its total duration was almost 179 days. On her account, two flights: one - in 1994 at the station "Mir", the second - in 1997 on the ship "Atlantis" (shuttle).

Female cosmonauts of the USSR and Russia are not only researchers of outer space, but also take an active part in the political life of the country. In 1999, Elena Kondakova was elected a deputy to the State Duma.

New "star woman"

After 17 years, on September 26, 2014, a regular spacecraft launched from Baikonur, the crew of which includes Elena Serova. This is her first flight. According to the plan, it should last 170 days and nights.

The fourth woman cosmonaut in the seaside village of Vozdvizhenka was born. After graduating from the Moscow Aviation Institute, she was hired to work at the Mission Control Center. She constantly improved her qualifications and in 2009 became a test cosmonaut.

Female cosmonauts of the USSR and Russia are always on top. Their profession requires great courage, strong willpower, as well as the ability not to get lost and to cope with any abnormal situation.

And let the list of women-cosmonauts from our compatriots is small so far, they have everything ahead. After all, there are still a lot of mysterious and unexplored, which is fraught with a truly boundless Universe.

The bravest of the fair sex

  1. Valentina Tereshkova. She is known all over the world, because it was Valentina who became the first woman astronaut who, in 1963, set out to conquer star spaces. Her call sign "Seagull" for 3 days sounded in space. It is also noteworthy that during her time in the spacecraft, Valentina managed to fly around the Earth 48 times, and on returning home she received the title of Hero of the USSR and became the first female general in Russia.
  2. Svetlana Savitskaya. She became the second famous Soviet woman, not afraid to defy alluring suspense. Before starting training at the cosmonaut training center, Svetlana worked as an instructor pilot. She was lucky to get into orbit twice - in 1982 and 1984. The first flight lasted almost 8 days, and the second was already 11 days. It was during this flight that Savitskaya for the first time in history went into outer space, where she spent 3.5 hours. Svetlana Savitskaya's courage was appreciated, for which she twice received the title of Hero of the USSR.
  3. Helena Sharmen. The first British woman astronaut. She went on a flight in 1991 as part of the Soyuz TM-12 crew. Interestingly, before getting into the number of astronauts, Helena worked at a confectionery factory, and when she heard about the competitive selection, she simply decided to try her hand. After out of 13 thousand participants chose her, Sharmen went to study at a training center near Moscow.
  4. Sunita Williams. This pretty American belongs to one of the space records - she spent 195 days in orbit. In addition, Sunita became a record holder in the number of spacewalks (there were 7 of them), as well as working there (more than 50 hours). After going into orbit in 2007, Sunita decided to support the annual running marathon, held annually in Boston. To do this, even built a special simulator on the ship.
  5. Susan helms. Since childhood, dreaming of the sky, Susan successfully graduated from the US Air Force Academy and in 1990 was selected to a detachment of candidates for NASA astronauts. On her account as much as 5 flights on the shuttle, and the time spent in space, is more than 210 days. Since 2011, she has the rank of lieutenant general and commands the 14th US Air Army.
  6. Eileen collins. She became famous for being the first woman in the world to lead a shuttle crew on her first flight in 1995. In 2005, the brave Eileen surprised NASA, because she was able to make a "flip" ship 360 degrees in space.
  7. Liu Yang. The first female cosmonaut of China. After graduating from the aviation school, I tried myself in the selection of candidates for astronauts and became one of the main contenders. It made its first flight in 2012, it lasted 12 days, and was sent to conduct various scientific experiments.
  8. Peggy Whitson. In the United States, it is known primarily because it has made as many as 6 spacewalks, which is about 40 hours per time. But this is not the only record. In addition, Peggy became the first woman to lead the ISS, as well as the record for total time spent in space (376 days).
  9. Mae Carol Jamison. Despite the fact that separation by race was a thing of the past, the flight of May Carol into space became quite a noisy event, because it was the first African American woman to go to conquer the stars. A few months after the flight, Jamison left the astronaut ranks and became involved in propaganda activities. And in 1993 she was invited to play in a cameo role in the TV series "Star Trek".
  10. Anoushe Ansari. An American of Persian descent became the first woman to be a space tourist. Together with her husband, she owns an investment firm that actively cooperates with Space Adventures, a company that selects people who want to go into space.

Space exploration is not an easy task, but many women, whose names are now known to the whole world, have done an excellent job with it.

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April 12 is Cosmonautics Day, a favorite holiday of Soviet children, of course, because it was on this day, only in far 1962, that the idol of almost the entire population of the Soviet Union made the first space flight, Yuri Gagarin. But in this material it will not be about Yuri, despite all our respect and admiration, but about women — astronauts, women who fully deserve to be called heroines and destroyers of stereotypes. In total, over the entire history of space exploration, 60 women, selected from tens of thousands who wished, conquered space. In Russia / USSR, there were four such wonder women. The editors of kerekuo.ru have compiled the top 10 most famous women - cosmonauts and are happy to present it to you, our dear readers.

Valentina Tereshkova.

She is known all over the world, because it was Valentina who became the first woman astronaut who, in 1963, set out to conquer star spaces. Her call sign "Seagull" for 3 days sounded in space. It is also noteworthy that during her time in the spacecraft, Valentina managed to fly around the Earth 48 times, and on returning home she received the title of Hero of the USSR and became the first female general in Russia.

Svetlana Savitskaya.

She became the second famous Soviet woman, not afraid to challenge the unknown. Before starting training at the cosmonaut training center, Svetlana worked as an instructor pilot. She was lucky to get into orbit twice - in 1982 and 1984. The first flight lasted almost 8 days, and the second was already 11 days. It was during this flight that Savitskaya for the first time in history went into outer space, where she spent 3.5 hours. Svetlana Savitskaya's courage was appreciated, for which she twice received the title of Hero of the USSR.

Helena Sharmen.

The first British woman astronaut. She went on a flight in 1991 as part of the Soyuz TM-12 crew. Interestingly, before getting into the number of astronauts, Helena worked at a confectionery factory, and when she heard about the competitive selection, she simply decided to try her hand. After out of 13 thousand participants chose her, Sharmen went to study at a training center near Moscow.

Sunita Williams.

This American has one of the space records - she spent 195 days in orbit. In addition, Sunita became a record holder in the number of spacewalks (there were 7 of them), as well as working there (more than 50 hours). After going into orbit in 2007, Sunita decided to support the annual running marathon, held annually in Boston. To do this, even built a special simulator on the ship.

Susan Helms.

Since childhood, dreaming of the sky, Susan successfully graduated from the US Air Force Academy and in 1990 was selected to a detachment of candidates for NASA astronauts. On her account as much as 5 flights on the shuttle, and the time spent in space, is more than 210 days. Since 2011, she has the rank of lieutenant general and commands the 14th US Air Army.

Eileen collins

She became famous for being the first woman in the world to lead a shuttle crew on her first flight in 1995. In 2005, the brave Eileen surprised NASA, because she was able to make a "flip" ship 360 degrees in space.

Liu Yang.

The first female cosmonaut of China. After graduating from the aviation school, I tried myself in the selection of candidates for astronauts and became one of the main contenders. It made its first flight in 2012, it lasted 12 days, and was sent to conduct various scientific experiments.

Peggy Whitson.

In the United States, it is known primarily because it has made as many as 6 spacewalks, which is about 40 hours per time. But this is not the only record. In addition, Peggy became the first woman to lead the ISS, as well as the record for total time spent in space (376 days).

Mae Carol Jamison.

Despite the fact that separation by race was a thing of the past, the flight of May Carol into space became quite a noisy event, because it was the first African American woman to go to conquer the stars. A few months after the flight, Jamison left the astronaut ranks and became involved in propaganda activities. And in 1993 she was invited to play in a cameo role in the TV series "Star Trek".

Anoushe Ansari.

An American of Persian descent became the first woman to be a space tourist. Together with her husband, she owns an investment firm that actively cooperates with Space Adventures, a company that selects people who want to go into space.

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