Women's Tips

Mirabilis - affordable and beautiful flower for your garden

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Contemplation of flowers on a well-groomed flowerbed always pleases the eye, gives positive emotions. Annual flowers that bloom all summer (the name and photo will be presented below) will delight you with their multicolor all season, from the beginning of spring until the first cold weather. And your flower bed with continuously blooming annuals will be one of the most beautiful.

The desire to make your summer cottage a small paradise is inherent in each of us. This is all quite realistic; moreover, you can plan and design your garden in such a way that it looks different every year. The quality of annual flowers, which is valuable for a creative summer resident, makes it possible to arrange new floral arrangements annually.

Flower garden with annual flowers

Annuals have many advantages, you do not have to worry about how they will spend the winter, you can plan their location in advance on the site. If you correctly calculate the shades, the time of flowering of individual species, you can get a great result - flower beds, playing with all the colors, scents of summer throughout the season. Most of the annual flowers prefer sunny places, but there are some that quite fit the shade.

Annuals for flower beds

For these plants, the entire vegetation cycle takes place in one season, they develop rapidly, and bloom profusely. The most unpretentious flowers for the flower beds that bloom all summer long are petunia, marigolds, sage, calendula, nasturtium. In most cases, flower beds have a given shape, certain boundaries: diamond-shaped, round, rectangular.

Most often, the flowers on the flowerbed are located in the same plane, but there are many-tier, raised, vertical options. At such places, very low-growing annuals look very profitable, they are planted singly or with tall flowers. Most often, they act as ground covers, fill empty places between, for example, roses or other cultural bushes.

Marigold Karina

Marigolds are characterized by long flowering, have a bright yellow-orange range with brown shades, they are unpretentious, grow equally well in sunny areas, as well as in the shade.

Everyone's favorite petunia shows the whole rainbow of shades, prefers sunny places. She loves warmth, blooms all season, but with the onset of the first cold weather ceases to grow.

Salvia Blue salvia

Salvia - unpretentious flower, well combined with other plants. Flowers have the form of candles, the range of shades is various, but candles of lilac, violet, pink, red shades look especially beautiful on flowerbeds. Science knows many varieties of salvia, it can also be perennial.

Salvia on a bed

Calendula with yellow or orange voluminous colors stands out a bright spot among its fellows. In addition to the remarkable decorative qualities, it is therapeutic, and its flowers with leaves can be used to prepare various dishes.

Calendula - annual flowers, photo:

Calendula ordinary

Nasturtium has many varieties, especially its terry varieties are beautiful.

Nasturtium different colors

She loves the light, the sun, but can also grow in the shade, although there she gives more lush foliage than inflorescences. Nasturtium flowers are bright orange, red, yellow.

Annual flowers that bloom all summer long - The snapdragon (Antirrinum, “dogs”) attracts attention with its unusual shape, a combination of colors (pink with white, yellow, just white or pinkish).

Snapdragon

It looks harmonious when planting together with other plants.

If you plant cynia, you will long admire its long flowering, one flower can “hold” for up to 35 days.

Zinia - annual

Even in cut form, she lives in a vase for a very long time, does not fade. The more fertile will be the soil on the flowerbed, the brighter the flowers will be, which can be both short and very tall. Tsiniia flowers can be monochromatic or motley, she likes sunny places, warm.

Calceolaria is another representative of the flowers of an intricate form.

The buds of the dimorphological library are simple in appearance, but therein lies their charm. The flowers are shaped like a daisy, the height of the stems is about 30 cm, the color range is varied - purple, orange, white, pink, double-colored petals. Differs in abundant long flowering, unpretentious, not particularly afraid of pests, diseases.

Dimorfoteka

Another popular, favorite gardeners representative has a rich color palette. These pale blue, purple, red, white, blue and lilac bushes look great on flowerbeds, in hanging tanks, along the tracks. Unpretentious, light and moisture-loving annual flowers to give. The photo and their name is well known to summer residents - Lobelia.

Lobelia

Nemofil (American forget-me-not) is not very common in our open spaces, requires regular fertilizing, it is notable for the fact that it can bloom during rains.

Nemofila

It has a delicate aroma, looks great in flowerbeds, thanks to its delicate, but noticeable color. Depending on the variety, it can be white, white and blue, it has purple, black or blue specks, edges around the edges (with a white flower).

Nemofila with specks

There are very dark purple nemofily, almost black.

Coreopsis - garden flowers annual flowers in size, smaller in height than perennial flowers.

Koreopsis

They are distinguished by abundant long flowering, they feel good in flowerbeds, in flowerpots, near the curbs, in general, anywhere. Well take root, absolutely unpretentious.

Brakhikom one-year-old densest can boast of all shades of purple, lilac.

Brahikoma

It is unpretentious, but feels most comfortable on fertile sandy soil. He loves the sun, but also blooms well in cloudy weather, heat-loving.

Annual dahlia flowers - unpretentious, have an interesting feature, the lower - the faster they give color.

Annual dahlias

The most common variety - "Funny guys." Low-growing, dwarf varieties are ideal for curbing, flower beds, bright flowers, different shades.

Only because of one fragrance, enchanting, unlike anything, it is worth planting on the site of Mattiola (night violet).

Mattiola - Night Violet

The genus mattiol of annuals numbers up to 20 varieties of this fragrant plant. The flowers are small, thick, pale lilac, pink or dark purple hue. There are also white, pale yellow Mattiola (mattiola gray). It is easy to care for, blooms profusely, loves the sun, but also grows well in partial shade. The plant has an average height, blooms throughout the summer.

Garden annual balsam - a fairly tall plant (50-70 cm) with large flowers that can be terry or semi-double.

Garden annual balsam

The balsam coloring is various: white, scarlet, pink, crimson flowers.

Datura or Datura

Krupnotsvetkovaya Datura - a real decoration of the garden, blooms with large white flowers having the shape of a bell. Also found are red, blue, yellow varieties. It grows quickly, has a rich, long flowering. Datura is a tall plant (1 m or more).

Malva annual

Malva annual one beautiful, perceptible, due to its size (from 30 to 120 cm) and bright double flowers. Unpretentious to care, drought-resistant, if you pinch off faded flowers in time, you can significantly extend its flowering time.

Vasileko

Cornflower is blooming from May to September - an unpretentious plant of medium height, with dense small flowers of bright blue, pink, crimson, purple, white color. Looks harmoniously in mixed flower beds.

Bell

Bellflower annual - undersized plant with light blue flowers. He likes sunny places, but he can grow in the shade, although he doesn’t bloom anymore. Blossoms from May to September.

Iberis snow white

Snow-white iberis (“bitter”) is one of the shortest annuals (up to 30 cm), sun-loving, but it feels good on shaded areas. Varieties of Iberis umbrella differ pale pink, lilac, purple hues.

Iberis ↑ to content ↑

Shade-loving annuals

For the so-called "problem" places - under the trees with a lush crown or sprawling shrubs fit unpretentious annuals, preferring shade. These flowers have dense foliage, saturated with all shades of green. Their flowering is not as abundant as that of sun-bearer brothers, but this factor does not detract from their beauty.

Cosmea annual

Colorful bright Cosmeas - shade-loving annual flowers for flower beds, can create a joyful atmosphere even in the shaded areas of the site. Kosmeya blooms for a long time, abundantly, in form it looks like a daisy, the color gamut is replete with all shades of pink, crimson. Shaded areas noticeably “refresh” white cosmey.

They love the shade of nasturtium, forget-me-nots, marigolds, pansies, mallow - their buds have rich colors, they feel comfortable in any weather. With bróvallia, fuchsia, lobelia, balsam, you can create bright and harmonious group plantings in shady places of the garden.

Braviya

It should be borne in mind that some shade-loving annual flowers for the garden do not respond well to direct sunlight, they are recommended to be planted in the darkest areas of the site.

Curly annuals

Annual curly flowers are very popular with gardeners and gardeners. Their beauty is not inferior to many years of representatives, they grow faster, require minimal care. In addition to visual appeal, they can decorate fences, country houses, use as protection from the sun over the gazebo. Curly flowers for the garden annuals (those species that are not afraid of drafts) can serve as a kind of shield from the wind for more vulnerable plants. If you have imagination, you can create amazing and rational design compositions.

Ipomoea

Beauty Ipomoea prefers regular watering, sunlight, otherwise she is unpretentious. Reaches three meters in one season.

Curly sweet peas love wet soil and sun, but not direct sunlight. The coloring is very diverse, blooms from July to November, reaches a height of 3 meters.

Curly nasturtium Curly nasturtium (annual) and liatris (perennial)

There is a variety of climbing nasturtium (Nasturtium large), which grows up to 3 meters in length, Kobe with large flowers-bells, winged Tunbergia with large orange buds. All of them belong to the climbing annual vines.

Thunbergia

The ipomoea Kvamoclitus pinnate (Ruby stars) looks very beautiful - it weaves a large area with complexly dissected leaves, on which bright red flowers, shaped like stars, are evenly arranged, not very often.

Quamoclitus Cirrus (Ruby Stars) ↑ to content

Annual flowers, not afraid of the heat

And the following information, I think, will be interesting to my fellow countrymen, residents of Kuban. Last summer (2017) was very hot here. Other regions complained about the cold summer, well, and we had the opposite. And in my flowerbeds, in the flower beds of many of my friends there was not much pomp. Some flowers refused to bloom, other flowers were unusually scanty, and still others simply survived in conditions of extreme heat - it was a pity to look at them.

However, there were flowers that were not affected by either the abnormally hot sun, or the rare, but torrential (in the full sense of the word) rain. But before I even blurted out them. These were the same year olds, but they sprang up self-sowing and grew not at all where I needed to. That is, last summer showed that these flowers are very viable. In the conditions of last summer, only they abundantly bloomed and smelled.

This mirabilis, fragrant tobacco and purslane. I will write briefly about each.

This flower was necessarily present in the flower garden of my grandmother, then of my mother and I also love him very much. True, in my childhood I did not know his real name, we all called him "night dawn." And he fully justified his name. The flowers opened in the evening, stood open all night and only in the morning, closed at dawn. We had varieties with bright crimson flowers, but there are with white, yellow, pink and pale salmon petals. I saw even with flowers of different colors in one bush. At home it is a perennial, in the conditions of Kuban it can survive the winter, and it can even freeze, but then around the frozen plant numerous shoots appear, of which only the strongest and healthiest remain. I think that in the middle lane it is definitely an annual. By the way, many people grow it at home on the windowsill.

Mirabilis is a very unpretentious plant. In addition to evening watering, easy loosening, removal of weeds, he received nothing from me last year, but he was almost the main decoration of the garden. Blossom to the cold. And they came to us almost in December.

Sweet Tobacco

For me, fragrant tobacco is a flower that "planted and forgotten." It is an annual plant, but every spring new shoots appear at the same place in the spring. I can only limit its spread throughout the garden. But to be honest, I'm not particularly zealous. Flowers of fragrant tobacco are not very noticeable, but in the evenings such aroma spreads throughout the garden that you don’t want to get rid of “extra” plants. Also does not require special care. Only shoots can weed "weed", so the removal of weeds is mandatory at first. Then, when the plant rises up, no weeds are not afraid of him, because only the strongest and strongest survived the winter survive. By the way, in the spring I often transplant tobacco plants from places where I don’t need it for empty bald spots in the flowerbed. Growing up, becoming a bushy bush, it not only closes the bare place in the flower garden, but also creates a wonderful background for low-growing plants.

Portulac, this is also a flower from my childhood. Every summer I saw him in my grandmother's and in my mother's flower garden. We called him a "carpet", because he covered the ground near the paths in the front garden with a bright carpet. It was the purslane that gave the flower garden a certain completeness, completeness. What beautiful flowers have portulaca !. There are simple, there are terry or semi-double the most diverse colors. Portulaca blooms all summer, from June to frost. In the evenings, the flowers are closed, but in the morning they are “burning” like colorful lights in a flowerbed. It is possible to sow a purslane only once and, thanks to the abundant self-seeding, it will please you every year. Loves sunny places, blooms badly in the shade or does not bloom at all. It grows well on sandy soils. But he also likes my black soil. I do not know how correct my observations are, but it seems better not to fertilize the purslane. Growing, purslane can even survive weeds. At least, I have never seen weeds in the place where it grows.

When choosing annual flowers for dacha, you can buy seedlings or seeds in specialized flower shops or supermarket departments. Today, the choice of sowing materials is so wide that it is not difficult to find the desired flower.

High representatives are perfect for decorating flowerbeds or mixborders; in mixed flower gardens, they usually create the background. When planning the site design for the summer season, consider the combination of sizes (height) of plants, their color scheme. Botanical requirements for soil moisture, lightness, fertilization should also be borne in mind. Sometimes plant species with the same name can be both tall and short stunted. When buying seeds, read the enclosed information. Annual flowers that bloom all summer - the name and photo are always on the package. Try to keep crops that grow close to each other from an agrotechnical point of view.

What is this plant?

Mirabilis is a plant belonging to the genus Mirabilis and the Niktogin family. Mexico is traditionally considered the birthplace, but at the moment the flower is also widespread in many tropical regions of Africa and cultivated as an ornamental plant.

It is a perennial, but often grown as an annual. By the way, the second name is “night beauty”. Probably, it is associated with a bright color.

Mirabilis can reach a height of 50-80 centimeters, it has straight branching stems that have a reddish tint and woody at the base. The leaves have an elongated ovoid shape and a smooth surface, located on short petioles.

The flowers resemble funnels with a diameter of about 2.5-3 centimeters. The peculiarity of such a plant is different shades of flowers on one bush, which looks simply amazing, and it can be clearly seen even in the photo.

How to care?

Growing a Mirabilis flower is not difficult even for novice gardeners. Care includes several highlights:

  • A place. For planting should choose a warm and well-lit place, but still from direct sunlight, the flower is better to hide. А вот сквозняков это растение не боится, так как имеет прочные корни и стебли, поэтому вы вполне можете высадить его на открытой и незащищённой клумбе.
  • Почва. Мирабилис предпочитает глинистые или суглинистые глубокие почвы, содержащие достаточное количество извести. А вот в сырой или же чрезмерно кислой почве этот цветок не будет нормально развиваться или погибнет. If you plan to grow a plant in pots or boxes on a balcony or windowsill, prepare a substrate consisting of 1.5 parts of decomposed peat, two parts of clay-sod land, one part of river sand (rather large and always washed), half of the part carefully washed brick chips (or expanded clay) and a quarter of dolomite flour.
  • Temperature. This plant is very thermophilic, and even in winter the temperature should not fall below 12-15 degrees, so you shouldn’t leave it to winter in the open field in the garden (unless, of course, you want to prolong the life of Mirabilis for several years). The rest period lasts approximately from October-November and until mid-late March. At this time, you can move the bush, after removing all its adventitious roots, in the riding fiber peat mixed with sawdust. Capacity, on the other hand, must be removed to a rather cool place, for example, in the cellar, basement or on the loggia (if it is well insulated).
  • Watering. Mirabilis is drought tolerant and does not like waterlogging, so it should be watered moderately. During the growing season (from May to October) it should be done about two or three times a week, as the soil dries out. If the plant is grown in a pot at home, then you can reduce the frequency of up to 4-5 times a month. During the rest period, Mirabilis should be watered only once every two months.
  • Top dressing. Over the entire growing season, two or three times you can apply complex liquid fertilizer to the soil.

When to plant?

Planting in open ground is carried out in the warm season, when there is definitely no frost.

Reproduction can be done in different ways:

  • Seeds. This method is the easiest, shoots appear very quickly. Seeds should be sown in late March or early April in boxes that need to be placed in a heated greenhouse or warm greenhouse. The optimum temperature for growth is about 19-20 degrees. The first shoots should appear in about two weeks. But in open ground they should be moved only in May. If this is done in April, then the shoots need to be covered with plastic wrap. By the way, for stimulation, it is possible to put especially large shoots for about five or six hours on a wet napkin.
  • Seedlings growing method involves diving seedlings one by one into separate containers (for example, boxes or pots), the diameter of which should be approximately 9-10 millimeters. And only in June, strong shoots can be moved to a permanent place. The distance between them should be about 50-60 centimeters (or about a meter for tall varieties).
  • Another method is grafting, but it is rather laborious and less effective. It is necessary to cut strong half-woody cuttings. Their cuts need to be dried, and then processed with a growth stimulator, for example, with “Kornein”. Next, the cuttings should be placed in the nutrient substrate and contain at a temperature of about 20-22 degrees. Rooting takes about 3 weeks, but if the lower part of the tanks is heated (up to 25-26 degrees), then it can happen faster. Then you can plant shoots in open ground.

    As for landing methods, Mirabilis looks especially beautiful in long flowerbeds, which can be placed on the sides of garden paths. A low-growing varieties can be combined with tall, it looks original.

    Plant Mirabilis, care for him properly and enjoy his beauty!

    Selection from the catalog of garden flowers for your garden

    Location - The main criterion that is responsible for the life and active development of plants. If you plant light-loving flowers in a dark place, for a long time they will not be able to please the owners with their beauty. This means you need to know in advance the insolation on your own site and the attitude to the light of your favorite plants. Therefore, before picking up the plants, decide which plot you want to plant with garden flowers. After such a selection, you can proceed to the next item.

    Color features. According to morphology, flowers are divided into annuals (marigolds, petunias) and perennial ones (hosts, daisies, lilies). The difference is in different periods of their life and development. The first type is cheaper, but it grows only one year, the next you need to buy plant material again. Using the catalog search form, you can sort the flowers by life expectancy. Perennial plants can be planted only once, and they will annually please their owners. At cost the second type is more expensive than the first.

    Origin. It is better to plant local plants, perfectly adapted to the existing conditions. Of course, nobody canceled the experiments, you can try to grow exotics.

    Color spectrum - a pledge of a beautiful and delightful garden. You can create certain style decisions, thanks to a combination of plants in colors. Beautiful are contrasting beds, monochrome. The main thing is to choose the right varieties and types.

    The catalog below will help you look for garden flowers according to various criteria for the color of the inflorescence.

    Garden - flowers catalog with photos and names

    Some bulb plants that bloom in spring are crocuses, tulips, hyacinths, muscari and others. Lily and irises are among the flowering flowering plants. To make your flower garden bright and beautiful, you can plant fiola, salvia, ageratums, marigolds, peonies, hosts, some varieties of decorative bows, amaryllis, daffodils, petunias, and many other plants. Now try to choose garden flowers yourself - a catalog with photos and names will help you.

    Mirabilis in the flowerbed and at home (with photo)

    Night bloom, during which the whole house or garden covers a sweet tropical scent is the merit of a popular exotic plant, the night beauty Mirabilis, a typical representative of the Niktaginovy ​​family (includes tropical plants, mostly growing in the South American tropical zones). There are only about 50 species in the genus, although according to some data, other sources number them up to 500. Usually this is due to the fact that at the moment there are a huge number of botanical and hybrid varieties that have arisen due to over-pollination of plants. In this issue we will take a closer look at the “night beauty” and learn about some of the nuances of growing it at home and in the garden.

    See what mirabilis looks like in a flowerbed in single plantings. In the photo, the flower in the flowerbed is presented in a variety of varieties and types used in applied floriculture:

    How to grow in pots and clay pots

    In culture, this famous plant, which is most often grown as a perennial in tropical areas of South America. Before you grow Mirabilis, it is worth knowing that Mexico is considered to be the birthplace of the “night beauty”. Widespread in the wild found in the southern continent in some US states to the borders of Chile. In Russia, most often the plant is grown either as a garden annual or as a perennial home.

    Many species feel more comfortable in pots and clay pots, especially in the Middle Belt. The name of the plant Mirabilis from Latin is translated as “amazing,” they called the botanists herbaceous bushes for their unusual night bloom. In common people can often be found under the names "night beauty" or "a thousand and one nights."

    Look Mirabilis on the photo, demonstrating the amazing charm and tenderness of the buds of "Night Beauty":

    Description with photo

    A typical member of the genus is a perennial grassy shrub up to 100 cm in height. The root system of the plant is rod-like, similar to a rope, and has the ability to form tubers that help the crop adapt and survive in adverse conditions, for example, during drought or in the cold season. Most often growers compare rhizome of Mirabilis with radish. Some cultures may have roots that also have a decorative value.

    Starting a description of Mirabilis, it is worth saying that he has tall, erect or creeping stems, reaching 60-100 cm in length. To the touch they can be bare or with slight pubescence. There are varieties with a sticky base, with the exception of the places of formation of kidney growth.

    Leaf plates are thin or with a slight flattening. Sit on stalks oppositely on petioles or tightly leaning against the base of the shoots, as we shall see in the photo below. The sheet plate is symmetrical and often has a sharp tip.

    During flowering, which falls on the end of May and lasts until the first frost, the plant forms unusual flowers. Wrap leaves have a special decorative effect - these are plates in the form of petals that grow together into tubes and wrap pistils, stamens and stigmas (most often they protrude beyond the limits of the petals and have bright yellow pollen).

    The shape of the flower resembles a bud of fragrant girlish tobacco. The wrapper forms a funnel-shaped buds, which are assembled into complex Cyclose inflorescences of 15-16 pieces. Flowers are located on the tops of shoots and bloom in the evening, after 3-4 hours of the day. The peak of flowering occurs in the middle of the night, when mirabilis exudes a sweet tropical scent that is not characteristic of our garden and home crops. The flower closes in the morning and after a day again pleases with lush abundant blooms. Mirabilis pollinated hawk moths.

    Look at the various plantings of Mirabilis in the photo, where you can get ideas for growing this flower in your plot or house:

    Types and varieties: "Drakosha", "Elvira", "Serenade" and others

    There are 50 known species of Mirabilis, the varieties of which are even more numerous and spectacular. Due to the fact that the plant is able to pereopilyatsya, almost every year there is a new spectacular color buds. Of the natural, which are actively used as garden and room annuals and perennials, actively use the following types and varieties:

    1. Bright red - a plant, up to 100 cm high. The flowers of the shrub are numerous and form a cap with large inflorescences. The most well-known species of species Mirabilis "Red Lollipop" is a hybrid culture with tubular buds of a rich shade, as in the photo below. The diameter of the flower often reaches 3-5 cm, there are large-flowered forms - up to 6 cm. The buds bloom after 4 pm, close early in the morning, more often until dawn. A variety is actively used for processing rabatok,
    2. Blood red is a natural look with very bright flowers. The typical variety of Mirabilis "Drakosha" with fragrant tubular buds,
    3. "Jalapa" - a culture that is actively used in home gardening. This is one of the few plants with a decorative rhizome. It looks like a radish fruit and is covered with flaking silvery scales. For the reason that flower growers planted the plant at home so that the rhizome was visible, it seemed as if it had grown out of radish or was standing on stilts,
    4. Purple - most varieties with purple and lilac buds. Plants with dark buds exude a brighter scent.

    Most of the varieties of Mirabilis are difficult to attribute to a specific species group, as many of them are representatives of natural interspecific hybridization. Other varietal forms can also be attributed to the most popular garden and domestic crops:

    1) Mirabilis "Elvira" - light purple or buds of saturated lilac tones, look beautiful against the background of dark green foliage with a pointed tip. In height, the plant can reach 1 meter, forming a neat spherical bush, as shown in the photo below:

    2) “Iolanthe” is a low bush up to 50 cm. The flower is of medium size with bright contrasting strokes along the surface of the perianth plate.

    3) "Marble" Mirabilis - an annual herb with elastic stems. It reaches a height of 80 cm. A distinctive feature is the bicolor coloring of the yellow-white buds. The diameter of the flower an average of 3 cm.

    4) "Mathis" - a variety intended for home flower growing.

    5) Mirabilis "Serenade" - a mixture of colors. The flowers are large, up to 5-6 cm in diameter. The plant is up to 50-90 cm tall, it blooms from early summer until frost.

    Growing from seed at home

    Despite the fact that the flower is easily propagated vegetatively, the most accessible and simple option is to grow mirabilis at home using seeds. The fact is that when grafting and dividing a bush and rhizome, it is not always possible to obtain the desired result, since it is not predictable. Growing mirabilis from seeds is used to consolidate the varietal qualities of the sample you like. Fruits in comfortable conditions. Germination of its seeds is high and lasts for 3-5 years when stored in room conditions. With cold stratification, planting material freezes and dies.

    First of all, prepare the soil for growing mirabilis from seeds at home, taking into account the fact that the plant loves slightly acidic compounds. Increased acidity is bad for the development of the plant, especially at a young age. The peat used in the composition of the nutrient substrate can give an acidic reaction, therefore it is best to use a rotted or neutral component. Instead of liming, you can add a handful of ash to the nutrient composition - it also has the ability to neutralize alkali. Neutral peat is mixed with an equal amount of sod and two parts of river sand, crushed gravel can be used instead (it also reduces the acid index).

    Planting Mirabilis on seedlings: when to sow (with photo)

    The optimal time for planting mirabilis for seedlings at home is chosen individually. It depends on the climatic conditions. In warm countries with a tropical climate and in the south of our country, you can use a seedless way. At home, the seeds are sown on seedlings for about 3-4 months before planting in open ground.

    Before seed reproduction, they can be soaked for several hours in a wet gauze. This increases the germination of planting material. This procedure is necessary for seeds that are stored for more than 2-3 years. Determine the exact time when sowing Mirabilis to seedlings should each gardener individually, depending on the climatic conditions in which he lives.

    For planting seedlings initially use separate small containers - bowls. Suitable disposable plastic cups. At the bottom of the tank there should be drainage holes, since young plants (like adults) do not tolerate stagnant moisture and waterlogging of the soil. Some growers experiment with peat tablets. The use of individual tanks allows you to get rid of the procedure dive. If you plant large seeds in one box, then their strong shoots can intertwine and break. Also, facilitates planting and size of planting material. In separate containers, large seeds are sown in 1-2 pieces. at a distance of 1 cm between them.

    The first shoots will not be long in coming and will appear within 1-2 weeks. It is possible to transplant seedlings in open ground in 2-3 months, when the seedlings are stronger and will have real leaves.

    See what beautiful plants are given by properly grown Mirabilis seedlings in the photo, demonstrating the beauty of blossoming buds:

    Planting seedlings in open ground

    In order to plant Mirabilis in open ground, you need to wait for the warming and warming up of the soil. Usually they start doing it from the first of May. The scheme of planting Mirabilis in open ground completely depends on how large the specimen grows. For small plantings, the distance between the bushes of 25-30 cm is suitable. The tall bushes are seated at a distance of 60 cm. If you want to avoid over-pollination, Mirabilis propagates by seed or other means of propagation in different parts of the garden for a long distance between plantings. Pollination is the key to new varietal crops with a variety of colors, so not all growers neglect it.

    Mirabilis prefers to grow on light, not marshy ground. Perfectly loam, pre-past liming. On acidified soils, the root system ceases to develop and rots.

    Other breeding methods

    There are other ways of reproduction of Mirabilis, in particular, this division of the bush and its rhizomes. Engaged in this way, provided that the plant is used as a perennial garden or home culture. It is possible to divide a bush at the grown-up adult landings, more than 3 years old. In the open field, Mirabilis is divided into two parts with the help of a bayonet spade together with the root system. Further, delenki are seated on new permanent seats and look after them, as for adult plants. At home, the bush is removed from the pot and the rhizome is divided with a sharp knife, then seated in new soil mixtures.

    Another more complex method is grafting. In order to propagate the plant, a semi-woody shoot with renewed growth is required. They are cut, then the place of the cut is treated with crushed coal and dried at room temperature for several hours. Перед укоренением можно смочить черенок в корнеобразователе или добавить его несколько капель в воду. Укореняют побеги в субстрате на основе песка и торфа. Можно использовать обычную воду, которую нужно ежедневно менять.

    Уход за мирабилисом в домашних условиях и в саду

    В домашних условиях и в саду мирабилис себя чувствует вполне комфортно, если соблюдать некоторые правила по уходу за ним. В первую очередь, это касается температурного режима окружающей среды и влаги, используемой для полива. Lowering the air temperature below 15 degrees Celsius is detrimental to the plant even during the hibernation period. In open ground, choose a place that is well protected from gusts of wind and draft. The frost of central Russia does not endure, even under a thick layer of shelter. For this reason, in the fall its rhizome is dug out, after the ground part of the plant has died. From a tuber of a rhizome, small filamentary root shoots are removed and stored at a temperature of 15 degrees Celsius in sand or sand. The room where the root is stored must be dry and well ventilated, otherwise it may rot.

    Watering plays no less a role in the life of Mirabilis. Despite the fact that due to the ability of rhizomes to form tubers that help survive drought, the plant does not bloom in dry land. In the active growing season, the plant needs watering no more than 2-3 times a month. If you grow Mirabilis in the open field, then 2-3 times more. In the heat, the amount of moisture does not increase, but simply watered more often. During the rest period, house plants are watered 2 times a month with a moderate amount of moisture, make sure that water does not accumulate in the pan.

    As fertilizers, you can use complex compositions for flowering plants. Mirabilis does not need frequent feedings. They make no more than 2-3 times during the entire active life season. In no case do not lure the plant with manure and rotted compost - the root system will begin to rot, and the plant will cease to bloom.

    The lighting is sufficiently natural - bright, but diffused. At night, in no case illuminate bright fitolamps, otherwise the flower will not bloom. Sunlight direct rays during the day leave burns on the petals of the bract and leaf plates. For the same reason, shoots die and dry.

    Pruning the plant is not required, but it may be necessary nipping mirabilis, namely, his pulling shoots. This is especially true for pot plants.

    The main methods of breeding plants in the nursery

    The main task of any nursery is the cultivation of a healthy planting material, which is not possible without a basic knowledge of the characteristics of plant reproduction that determine the basic direction of the enterprise.…

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    Shrubs and trees are the most durable components of design. They create the structure of the garden and do not require close attention. Mass flowering and a large amount of fragrant foliage fill the garden with fragrant clouds. Dendrologist of the company "Landscape Design" Natalia Solovyova offers ideal candidates for central Russia.

    Scented trees

    Loch narrow-leaved also known by the names "jeddah", "Russian olive" and "paradise tree". Similar to the sea buckthorn shrub or tree up to 10 m tall with narrow silver leaves and prickles. The flowers are yellow and very fragrant. Fruits are silvery with mealy sweetish pulp.

    Robinia pseudo-acacia in the middle lane it does not stretch above 10 m. The flowers are white or slightly pinkish, fragrant, blooms profusely in good years, but due to low winter hardiness it can be heavily frostbitten.

    Bird cherry during flowering is shrouded in a fragrant cloud. In the culture, varieties with a height of 4–8 m are common. Valuable ornamental breed with high frost resistance is represented by varieties with white and pink flowers, green, bronze and purple leaves.

    Scented shrubs

    Korean abelia - Sprawling shrub up to 2 m high with fragrant flowers - so far known only to specialists and waiting for its high point in the gardens. Pleasant aroma is felt at a distance. Only the Far Eastern species survives in the middle lane.

    Maak's Honeysuckle It attracts not only with its fragrance, but also with its sculptural and expressive arrangement of leaves and flowers. Leaves in pairs, one after another in regular rows sit on the branches. The tops of the leaves are drawn down, bunches of white flowers up to 2-2.5 cm long look up. Thanks to this arrangement, both the flowers and the red berries ripening in September are always in sight.

    Honeysuckle Tatar - Branched shrub up to 3-4 m. Flowers up to 2 cm long, from white to dark pink appear in late May - early June. Berries, grown together in pairs, ripen in July-August. Varieties differ in color of flowers and fruits, which can be yellow, orange and red. Good lighting is required. Amenable to trim, suitable for hedges.

    Kletra olkolistnaya - shrub from the heather family up to 2 m high. It blooms on the shoots of the current year in the second half of summer. Fragrant pink or white flowers are collected in spike-shaped inflorescences about 15 cm long. Requires acidic soils. Young plants for the winter harbor.

    Hydrangea paniculata - the aroma of the inflorescences is felt only close to and only in varieties with a large number of small fruit bearing flowers in the inflorescence, such as ‘Kyushu’, ‘Tardiva’, ‘Wim Red (Red Fire and Ice’), ‘Big Ben’. One of these varieties with fragrant openwork inflorescences - ‘Levana’ - was introduced to the market under the trade name Butterfly ’as a plant that attracts with its fragrance butterflies.

    Amur lilac has a strong honey aroma. Lace creamy inflorescences up to 25 cm in length bloom 3 weeks later than common lilac. Grows in the form of a tree or bush up to 10 m.

    Chubushnik (garden jasmine) is represented by a huge number of varieties, both fragrant and without aroma. The strong flavor of the varieties of hybrid chubushnika Lemoine (‘Innocence’, ‘Lavina’, ‘Belle Etoile’, “Alabaster”, “White bouquet”), but here in winter they can freeze. The других Mont Blanc ’,‘ Erectus ’,‘ Gletcher ’varieties feel better than others in our climate. Reliable and created on the basis of Chubushnik Lemoine varieties of domestic breeding ("Airborne", "Unusual", "Snow Avalanche", "Moonlight"). Overgrown bushes immediately after flowering need to thin out, otherwise flowering becomes weak.

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