What is lingonberry, useful properties and contraindications of lingonberry, what are its medicinal properties, all this is very interesting for those who lead a healthy lifestyle, monitor their health, and are interested in traditional methods of treatment, including with the help of berries. So we will try to answer these questions in the following article.
Today we will talk about lingonberries - the berry of health, it is difficult to find a better name for it. This is both a tasty delicacy and an excellent medicine for us.
Lingonberry - a perennial, low, evergreen, branching shrub, reaching a height of 10 to 20 cm. Belongs to the Cowberry family. Cowberry fruits are small in size, bright red berries with a characteristic sweet-sour taste.
This plant is well known to residents of the entire former USSR, except perhaps the Crimea and the deserts of Central Asia. Rigid dark green leaves of lingonberry winter well under a thick cover of snow, and it is so nice to see its greenery in early spring.
Lingonberry, like the giant oak, is a long-liver. Can live up to 100-300 years.
This duration, however, are not individual shrubs, but a whole “clone”: many bushes connected under the ground by rhizomes. Fruiting plant from 10-15 years of age. You can meet him mostly in coniferous forests.
For medicinal purposes, the leaves and berries of the plant are used. The leaves should be harvested during flowering, then they turn brown and lose healing properties.
Lingonberry is used as a valuable medicine for more than one century. This berry is rich in dietary fiber, minerals and trace elements (potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron). Thanks to copper, which is in its composition, lingonberry is used to treat diabetes. It contains a lot of ascorbic acid (15 mg), vitamin B2 and provitamin A, the content of which exceeds the cranberries, lemons, apples, pears, blueberries and grapes. In addition, it contains catechins, sugars, pectic substances, mineral salts and organic acids such as acetic acid, citric acid, malic acid, oxalic acid, formic acid and benzoic acid. The latter protects the berries from rotting and fermentation, which allows for a long time to keep the lingonberries in a cool place. Tannins, which are part of its leaves and fruits, bind heavy metals in the body (salts of cobalt, lead, cesium) and remove them.
Broths and tinctures of fruits and leaves of lingonberry have a diuretic effect and are used for gout, rheumatism, kidney stones, cystitis and other diseases. The cranberry substances in the composition enhance the effect of antibiotics and sulfa drugs, so it is recommended to use it during fever, as well as during the recovery period after serious diseases.
A fruit juice with a diuretic and anti-inflammatory effect is useful. It suppresses the vital activity of pathogenic bacteria, removes harmful substances from the body, perfectly quenches thirst and gives strength. In folk medicine, cranberry juice is used for cancer.
Lingonberry fruits promote better digestion of food, increase the secretion of digestive juices, so they must be present in the diet of people with low acidity of gastric juice and inflammation of the pancreas. As an aid, cranberries are used in the treatment of hypertension.
Due to the copper content (up to 2.5%), lingonberry has a beneficial effect on the body with diabetes. Its tannins contribute to the binding and removal of heavy metals from the body.
Lingonberry infusion is effective in case of sore throat, ulcers and mastitis, and jams made with honey are recommended as a remedy for the prevention of prostatitis. Freshly squeezed juice is used for compresses in scabies and lichen.
Studies conducted by scientists from Switzerland have shown that lingonberry syrups improve vision, so they are recommended for drivers to drink.
This plant has certain contraindications:
- Gastritis with high acidity,
- low blood pressure (hypotension),
- in case of urolithiasis, gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, fresh berries are contraindicated.
Lingonberry has the ability to quickly absorb and accumulate radioactive substances. Therefore, you need to use only those fruits that were collected in ecologically clean areas, away from highways and industrial plants.
Berries and lingonberry juice can not be used for people with gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, low blood pressure. Juice and berries can cause a sharp and severe drop in blood pressure and cause harm.
You can not use drugs, which include cowberries, immediately after a meal. In the indications for use is always indicated that the use is possible on an empty stomach or before meals.
Lingonberry - description
Lingonberry (vitis-idaea) is a shrub of the heather family, with a branchy, erect stem growing to a height of 25 cm. The length of the rhizome can reach 6 meters, many parts die off, some give rise to 5-6 new bushes. The underground life of lingonberries can last 20 years, a young bush appears at the 6th year of life.
Above, a shiny dark green leathery leaf has an oval (obovoid) shape, slightly upturned, the bottom is lighter in color, matte leaves have scattered brown dots on the surface that can absorb water. A corolla of a flower in the form of a bell, four cloves bent outwards. Flowers (10-20 pieces) are collected in short drooping brushes of white or pink color.
Lingonberry blooms in May - early June for 15 days, the fruits ripen in August and keep under the snow until the end of winter. The fruit is in the form of a spherical bright red shiny berries, has a sweet-sour, slightly bitter tart taste. Eating berries, the birds spread the seeds to large spaces, thereby contributing to the spread. Lingonberry is a product of honey collection for bees.
Lingonberry - types and places of growth
It grows in mixed and dry coniferous forests, damp deciduous forests, on peaty marshland. It prefers waterlogged soils, but can grow in dry places, it is common in Europe, the European part of Russia, Siberia, the Far East, the Caucasus, and the tundra. The peoples of many countries have known this berry since ancient times, but the ancient Greek authors did not mention it in their works.
Lingonberry - medicinal properties
This berry is one of the few with a huge list of useful properties and absolutely no contraindications. It has a diuretic effect, is indicated for urolithiasis, and liver diseases. Lingonberries help to treat rheumatism, gout, hypavitaminosis, scurvy. Traditional medicine is widely used berry for colds and uterine bleeding, chest pain, rheumatism and heart disease. Lingonberry tinctures and decoctions treat bedwetting, cystitis and pyelonephritis, diabetes. Siberian peoples use lingonberries for many diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, heart disease, catarrhal diseases, salt deposition and others.
Cowberry Dosage Forms
Leaves and fruits are used as a medicinal raw material. Leaves are harvested in the spring, when fruiting is not yet started. They plucked, not pulling out the rhizomes. The main value of the leaves is due to the presence of arbutin in them, which upon destruction forms free hydroquinone, acids (gallic, quinic, tartaric), and also vitamin C. Lingonberry berries contain a large amount of sugars, acids, fatty oils, vitamins A, C, P, etc.
- In itself, the use of fresh berries is valuable, which, due to its healing properties, can simply save from scurvy and beriberi, constipation, colitis and liver diseases. Juice lingonberries can lubricate the affected areas with scabies.
- Drink from berries is prepared in the form of tincture on water for 6 hours. In addition, drinks from the juice of lingonberries used to improve the overall tone of the body, constipation, headache, flu. 50 grams of juice should be diluted with cold boiled water and add honey or sugar. Take 100 grams of drink 4 times a day before meals.
- Lingonberry leaf tincture: Pour boiling water over the leaves and leave for 2 hours. Take 1-2 tablespoons before meals.
Lingonberry - interesting facts
- Lingonberry has absolutely no contraindications.
- This is the only berry that can be stored all winter without conservation. It does not turn sour, moldy and rotting, thanks to its benzoic acid.
- The first mention of lingonberries came to us from the descriptions of the Flemish botanist Rembert Doduns (Netherlands), and refers to the 16th century.
- Cultural plantations of this useful berry were laid down since 1960 in the USA, as well as in Germany (40 hectares), Sweden, Finland, Poland, Holland. Developed a specialized set of mechanisms for the care of culture.
What does berry keep useful?
Lingonberries, like many other berries, is a storehouse of vitamins and other beneficial substances. It contains an impressive amount of organic acids, including malic, lactic, citric, tartaric, quinic, salicylic, benzoic, amber. In these small berries - carbohydrates, polyphenols, pectin, a lot of vitamin C, PP, phosphorus and iron. A lot of it and the essential oil, which includes a variety of organic compounds. Lingonberry seeds are no less useful than the juicy fruit pulp. The reason for this is the instant fatty oil found in these little grains. Perhaps it is precisely this abundance of useful ingredients that can explain all those properties of lingonberries, thanks to which this berry is present in most recipes of traditional medicine.
What situations will help lingonberries
The properties of lingonberry with kidney stones, liver ailments, joints, diabetes and gout will be useful. For the treatment of all these diseases will need leaves from the bush. Cooked decoction in the shortest possible time will facilitate the course of the disease, and over time will contribute to the full recovery from it. At first, the idea of such an application of leaves seems simply amazing, because everyone is accustomed to using only berries, occasionally seeds, but not foliage. And the thing is antiseptic substances contained in the sheet. They provide these useful properties of lingonberries, improving the workings of the digestive tract, liver and kidneys.
Cowberry for weight loss
It seems surprising, but those struggling with overweight can also use the leaves of lingonberry for more effective disposal of the hated kilogram. In this situation, the use of leaf decoction combined with the usual diet or nutrition system. When lingonberry is chosen as an aid, its therapeutic properties and contraindications (for a photo of the berry, see the article) should be studied as carefully as possible so as not to harm the body that is already deprived of vitamins. For the preparation will need 40 grams of raw materials and 200 g of boiling water. Connecting them together, the infusion should be covered with a lid and leave for a quarter of an hour. Take it three times a day 30 minutes before meals for half a glass. If there is increased intestinal acidity, it is better to take the decoction some time after eating. The standard course is exactly 3 weeks. As for the further use of miracle remedies, it is better to coordinate it with the doctor in order to be sure that the treatment is only beneficial.
With intoxication, anemia and neurosis
The healing properties of lingonberries (berries) and the morning after a feast will come in handy. It perfectly removes alcohol from the body, has diuretic, laxative and antiparasitic properties. Berry decoction normalizes the overall tone of the body and perfectly quenches thirst.
Drinking fresh cranberry juice is useful for high blood pressure, people with neurosis, anemia and weak eyesight. And due to the fact that the properties of the berries also provide antimicrobial and bactericidal action, the juice actively destroys all putrefactive and other dangerous bacteria that live in the intestinal tract.
Lingonberry leaves. When to collect and how to store
Lingonberry leaves, unlike berries, can be harvested in March and early April. In general, as soon as it starts to snow. After collecting the right amount of leaves, they should be dried, eliminating excess moisture. To do this, they should be laid out in the attic of a house, in a stove or oven at low temperatures. The main thing - the lack of direct contact with direct sunlight. It is also important not to overdry raw materials, not to burn it. When the leaves reach the desired state, they are poured into a container that can be closed with a lid, or a bag of thick, opaque fabric and stored in a dark, cool place with minimum humidity. Contained in this form, they can up to two years. Based on them, you can cook broths, and you can add crushed leaves to tea: it turns out very tasty and healthy.
The benefits of lingonberries for women
Useful properties of the described plant are in demand among women planning pregnancy and already staying in this position. What is still universal and unique berry cranberries! Medicinal properties and contraindications for women must be taken into account when treating it. Indeed, in the presence of certain ailments, its use is strictly prohibited, since it can be dangerous for the mother and child.
Advertising on TV and on the Internet reports that it is impossible to bear and give birth to a healthy child without absorbing synthetic vitamins. However, many of these artificial, non-natural preparations of dubious origin are completely interchangeable with lingonberries. You can use it in the form of a decoction of leaves or berries, juice. Lingonberry mashed with sugar does not lose its beneficial properties. But acquires a pleasant sweet-sour taste.
Lingonberry has the qualities of an antidepressant, which is incredibly important for pregnant women. After all, as you know, hormonal disruptions continually provoke uncontrolled mood swings. The use of lingonberries significantly reduces the intensity and frequency of such phenomena, stabilizes the emotional state. If the temperature suddenly rises, lingonberry juice will help to normalize it.
Neutralization of problems during pregnancy
The properties of lingonberries contribute to the reduction of edema (due to its light diuretic effect), which especially bother in the later periods of gestation. It is allowed to drink a decoction of leaves and berries, even while breastfeeding. However, after three weeks from the start of the reception, you should consult on further treatment with a specialist.
If you have problems with the cardiovascular system and low hemoglobin, the use of decoction will also not be superfluous. For those mothers who do not want to saturate their own and children's organism with chemistry, a great option is lingonberry. Medicinal properties (photo of it, so as not to be confused with other berries, attached) of this plant will help with many problems.
When use is contraindicated
Berry, as you can see, is incredibly useful. However, the remedy is still curative, although absolutely natural. Good, but sometimes it is not so safe lingonberries. Healing properties and contraindications during pregnancy must be kept in mind.
It is impossible, as already mentioned, to be treated by her young mothers with excessive production of gastric juice. It is also not recommended for women with a weak stomach to use it, since the use in most cases is recommended on an empty stomach, which, in turn, can provoke an intestinal disorder.
It is dangerous for people suffering from low blood pressure, because one of the qualities of this berry is a decrease in blood pressure. It is forbidden to take lingonberries and cholecystitis.
Lingonberry - berry is very useful. In addition, you can apply not only its fruits, but also the leaves. Be sure to take into account contraindications, so that the treatment would not have the opposite effect. Lingonberry also has beneficial properties for children. The main thing before you begin treatment with it is to get a full consultation from a specialist who can accurately determine whether the use of a plant is permissible. Even if the doctor approves “lingonberry therapy,” after a month has passed since it began, you should come to the reception in order to make sure that everything is in order, and to receive further recommendations or, possibly, a ban on subsequent use.
Useful properties of leaves
- Improve the condition of the genitourinary system. Used in the treatment of urinary incontinence in children.
- Improve overall health with elevated blood pressure, vitamin deficiency and gastritis.
- Relieves rheumatism, neurosis and anemia, strengthens blood vessels, has anti-sclerotic effect.
- They help improve vision, promote the dissolution of stones in the body, and also remove them.
- Help in the treatment of hepatitis, arthritis, gastritis, dental diseases, respiratory diseases. Также используются в народной медицине для укрепления капилляров.
- Чай, заваренный из листьев брусники отлично снимает усталость и способствует восстановлению сил.
- Отвар из листьев обладает мочегонными, желчегонными, противовоспалительными, деминерализующими, противогнилостными, антисептическими, антибактериальными, вяжущими и диуретическими свойствами. It is also recommended for diabetes, gout, and even kidney disease. When fever quenches thirst.
Useful properties of berries
- Treatment of the initial stage of hypertension.
- Used for uterine bleeding, when there is a particular need for beneficial substances.
- Treatment of jaundice, pulmonary tuberculosis and neurasthenic manifestations.
- A decoction of them helps to eliminate diarrhea.
- Water infusion of berries relieves a serious condition with fevers.
Due to its low calorie content - 40 kcal / 100g, it can be used in any quantities for people who are obese.
Use cranberries during pregnancy
Constant physical exertion experienced by a pregnant girl, are equal to the loads of athletes in competitions. Therefore, it is simply necessary during this period to support the body and replenish it with vitamins and other beneficial substances.
It is the lingonberry can give the body enough vitamins that the body requires during pregnancy. Carotene improves eyesight, vitamin C supports immunity, vitamin B stabilizes the emotional state.
Edemas that appear after the 30th week will save decoctions from the leaves (they have diuretic properties). Blooming lingonberries contribute to the preservation of pregnancy, and lingonberry jam is very useful after childbirth. Future moms can safely consume these berries, because they practically do not cause allergies.
You should not forget about contraindications either, so if you have any illnesses, it is recommended to consult with your doctor if you can use lingonberries. It is strictly prohibited during pregnancy with low pressure, gastritis with high acidity, urate stones and an allergy to this plant, although this is very rare.
Among all its medicinal properties, lingonberry is very tasty, so it is also used in the preparation of flour products. We will offer you one of the many recipes for lingonberry pie. This cake will appeal to all without exception!
- butter - 200 grams,
- sour cream - 220 grams,
- flour - 250 grams,
- salt - a pinch.
- Cowberry berries - 0.5 kg,
- Bread crumbs - 1 tbsp. spoon,
- Cowberry jam - 3 tbsp.
- egg yolk - 1 pc,
- sugar - 150 grams.
We get the butter out of the fridge, wait until it gets fat. Add salt and sour cream to it and rub with a spoon until smooth. Next, pour the flour and knead the dough. Cover it with food film and leave for 20 minutes. After that, take a baking sheet, then grease it with cold water. Roll out the dough on a floured table.
It should be a round cake, about 7mm thick. We shift this cake on a baking sheet and sprinkle with breadcrumbs on top. On top of all, we smear a layer of jam, then lay berries on it. The edges of the cake are left without a filling, then we bend them and form the sides. Lubricate these edges with egg yolk.
Heat up to 210-220 degrees oven and set the cake to bake. After it becomes ruddy, you can pull it out. After cooling the cake, sprinkle it with sugar. If you are going to serve it to the festive table, then you can decorate the top with whipped cream or protein cream.
Lingonberry is a shrub plant. This is an evergreen shrub of the cowberry family. Its maximum growth can reach 30 cm. The plant has straight stems with dark green leaves. In the stalks is going to eight flowers, pleasantly smelling. In early autumn, the berries begin to ripen, which, as they ripen, become coral-colored. Inside there are small seeds.
The shrub is propagated with the help of rhizomes, but it bears fruit not immediately, but after two years. Lingonberry is a long-lived plant that can live up to 300 years. It grows in the forest, around swamps, it can be found among other berries. Shrub prefers acidic soil. It grows throughout Russia and in the CIS countries.
The healing properties of cranberries
As a medicinal plant, lingonberry bush has been known for a long time. Traditional healers are used to treat not only berries, but also leaves. Of them prepare drugs that act as diuretics, choleretic and disinfectant. These qualities leaves give tannins contained in them, they have antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. Ascorbic and organic (malic, citric) acids, carotene, which is very important for health, manganese and potassium, also have a beneficial effect on the body. Lingonberry leaves are also used as an astringent. They are used in the treatment of gastritis, liver disease, gout.
The therapeutic properties of lingonberry allow us to consider it a real natural pharmacy. Under what diseases do not apply the fruits, among them - hypertension, loss of vision. If you mix the lingonberries with honey, you get a medicine to treat cough and even tuberculosis. The lingonberry contains catechins: they have a beneficial effect on the walls of blood vessels, making them elastic.
What is the composition of the berries? It contains such important vitamins as A, B, B1, AT2, C, PP. Salicylic acid is an antiseptic, its presence explains the anti-inflammatory properties of lingonberries. The composition of the berries also includes phosphorus, magnesium, iron - they have their effect on the nervous system and general tone, positively affect the body's metabolism, strengthen the blood vessels and heart.
Despite the presence of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, the fruits have a low calorie content: only 43 kcal per 100 g. The valuable properties of the cowberry berries make it very popular among the people, it harvests delicious juices, jams, syrups and candied fruits. But this taiga berry keeps its freshness for a long time: this is due to the benzoic acid contained in it. It grows in forests and is not fertilized by any chemical compounds. Therefore, lingonberry - an environmentally friendly product. Collect it manually.
Eating berries during pregnancy
The healing properties of lingonberries make it indispensable for every woman during pregnancy. Hypoallergenic properties - this is now an important indicator for most people. And for future mothers - all the more. In winter, when everyone feels the vitamin deficiency, cranberries will become an important source for pregnant women. Fresh juice will help avoid colds, which is important in such a crucial period. Vitamins B and E will improve the condition of muscles - this is very important for childbirth. They increase the overall tone of the body, mood.
Vitamin P, which also enters the body when cowberries are consumed, is responsible for ensuring that the future mother does not have edema and does not increase blood pressure. And calcium forms the skeleton of the infant and strengthens the mother's bone system. Lingonberry, the beneficial properties of which are invaluable, saturates the body of a pregnant woman with manganese, iron, monitors the level of hemoglobin in the blood.
Cystitis and lingonberries
Inflammation of the bladder often torments people in the cold season. It is very hard and painful. The medicinal properties of lingonberries will do their job - they will help to cope with this ailment: the berry and leaves are used for treatment, and later - as a prophylactic agent. To do this, use the leaves of the shrub.
1. They brew, insist and drink several times a day. Tea is prepared at the rate of: 20 g of leaves per 250 ml of boiling water. Lingonberry leaves, the medicinal properties of which are obvious, can often be brewed or added to tea brewing to make the drink healthier.
2. Preparing a mixture: three parts of the leaves of lingonberry, two in each - fireweed, dandelion, meadowsweet and violets. The same, in two parts, add sage and dandelion roots, one part of mint, chamomile, Althea. Everything is mixed and taken 20 g of this mixture. She fall asleep in a thermos and pour 500 ml of boiling water. Tea should be infused for an hour.
The infusion is used according to a certain pattern: they start with a very frequent drink - 8 times a day. And drink the infusion in this amount should be three days. Then the dose is gradually reduced. During this period, you can take fresh berries, drink fruit drinks, eat lingonberry jam - all this contributes to recovery.
In the recipes of traditional medicine, the medicinal properties of cranberries are widely known. The plant is used for making infusions, tinctures, decoctions. Experts use not only the fruits and leaves, but also branches and shoots. Tinctures made from the aerial parts of the bush help people with the flu and the common cold.
Brewed infusions of tender shoots heal headaches, colds and inflammation of the respiratory tract. Infusions and decoctions of the leaves - urolithiasis, gastric diseases, bleeding and much more. Act as a sedative. It is noticed that fresh fruit juice improves a person’s vision. It should be used by people who constantly strain their eyes while working: they are pilots, sailors, drivers.
To recover from urolithiasis, you should prepare a decoction of lingonberry leaf. Take 50 g of leaves and 250 ml of boiling water. In an enamel saucepan with the lid closed, the mixture is placed in a water bath for half an hour. Then, after cooling, everything is filtered. The rest is wrung out, and all that happened is diluted with a glass of boiled water. Drinks several times a day, and stored in the refrigerator.
An infusion is prepared from the fruit of the lingonberry: for this, a glass of berries is taken and well washed with boiling water. After that, the fruits are filled with cold water, two glasses, and infused for at least six hours. It is necessary to drink on a half of a glass at gastritis, colitis, cystitis.
Lingonberry berries are harvested in different ways: they are boiled, dried, added during the pickling of cabbage, wet. Someone cooks them on honey, someone - on sugar. The main thing is to save the berry for the winter, when the need for vitamins and treatment of colds is relevant.
Every consumer should know the therapeutic properties of lingonberries and contraindications to its use. This is especially true of those who suffer from kidney disease: tannins contained in the leaves can be harmful. Must be careful and those who have low blood pressure - hypotension, as lingonberry lowers blood pressure. Liver diseases, such as cholecystitis, are also contraindicated for the use of this berry. To limit the intake of berries and decoctions of them should be and those who are hypersensitive to substances contained in lingonberries.